In the model (Figure 4), the potential value of treating phonological sequence knowledge is that it may enable the use of existing connections between concepts and articulatory
motor representations that enable spoken language output, connections that instantiate lexical-semantic knowledge.
Depending on the number of vowels in a language, secondary articulatory
This review shows that AOS treatments are generally assigned to one of three categories: articulatory
And this prosodic sense of stress is related to the physical sense in that it is embodied as pressure in the articulatory
Whatever had been the reasons for the speakers of the various dialects to favour already closed and glided variants of the two high sets (present in speech by the very articulatory
and perceptual nature of long accented vowels) it would not be unreasonable to think that by the end of the 15th century two varieties coexisted in London, as shown in Figure 2.
The interplay between external-sandhi and glottalization is not clear: glottalizations are supposed to take place in absence of external sandhi, but articulatory
gestures related to both phenomena can co-occur.
properties of initial segments in several prosodic constituents in French.
Taking examples from missionaries in Mexico, South America, and Asia, they explore methodology and creativity in phonological description; articulatory
descriptions and definitions to create a new meta-language; the creativity and innovations of individual missionaries; contrastive descriptions compared with other languages; and didactic and pedagogical features.
Fluency was defined as easy, plentiful verbalization with good articulatory
agility, normal phrase length (five to eight words each phrase), variety of grammatical constructions, normal prosody, and good naming without paraphasic errors .
The last section of the chapter is devoted to a description and classification of the English sounds in terms of articulatory
when the articulatory
phonetics of MSA is presented, including a midsagittal view of the speech tract (pp.
The essence of metrical structure in English is the placement of beats (sometimes known as articulatory
stresses) in the spoken line, and this is enabled and limited by three things: by the disposition of lexical and syntactic stress, by the location of syntactic junctures, and by the speaker's placing of pragmatic accent within the utterance (in nonmetrical utterance it is also affected by such matters as speech-rate and tempo).