artificial insemination

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artificial insemination,

technique involving the artificial injection of sperm-containing semen from a male into a female to cause pregnancy. Artificial insemination is often used in animals to multiply the possible offspring of a prized animal and for the breeding of endangered species. Prepared semen can be preserved for long periods by refrigeration, and it is frequently shipped over great distances.

The method has also been used in humans, when traditional fertilization cannot be achieved (see infertilityinfertility,
inability to conceive or carry a child to delivery. The term is usually limited to situations where the couple has had intercourse regularly for one year without using birth control.
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). It has become a significant issue in recent years, particularly in debates revolving around surrogate motherhood, in which a woman agrees to bear a child for another couple through the use of artificially inseminated sperm from the husband (see surrogate mothersurrogate mother,
a woman who agrees, usually by contract and for a fee, to bear a child for a couple who are childless because the wife is infertile or physically incapable of carrying a developing fetus.
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). Legal issues have arisen in cases where the surrogate mother decides, upon the birth of the baby, that she wants to keep the child for herself. Likewise, there have been debates over the rights of sperm donors. Other debates on the subject have centered around the ethics of artificial insemination among humans, with critics decrying the practice as a perversion of science or pointing to the possible abuse of the process for purposes of eugenicseugenics
, study of human genetics and of methods to improve the inherited characteristics, physical and mental, of the human race. Efforts to improve the human race through bettering housing facilities and other environmental conditions are known as euthenics.
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. See also parent and childparent and child,
legal relationship, created by biological (birth) relationship or by adoption, that confers certain rights and duties on parent and child; in some states the courts have given the nonbiological, nonadoptive partner of a parent standing as a parent in a legal
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artificial insemination

[¦ärd·ə¦fish·əl in‚sem·ə′nā·shən]
A process by which spermatozoa are collected from males and deposited in female genitalia by instruments rather than by natural service.

artificial insemination

introduction of spermatozoa into the vagina or uterus by means other than sexual union
References in periodicals archive ?
Development of a new transcervical artificial insemination method for sheep: effects of a new transcervical artificial insemination catheter and traversing the cervix on semen quality and fertility.
Experimental design: Some features including the dosage deposition sites insemination frequency and AI technicians were analyzed with the pregnancy rates after artificial insemination (AI).
the Georgian society, opinion expressed in the epistle, that children born through artificial insemination or by surrogate mothers 'will be
Polish-Swiss breeder Longin Blachut said even excessive use of artificial insemination could be harmful to the Arabian breed in the long run.
It is the first case of a prisoner being allowed to have children since 2007, when the European Court of Human Rights ruled Britain was breaching the rights of murderer Kirk Dickson and his wife by denying them access to artificial insemination.
ARTIFICIAL insemination, commonly known as AI, is the practice of impregnating a mare without the need for the stallion to be present by using semen that has previously been taken from him, most commonly using an artificial vagina.
Through artificial insemination, researchers have been able increase the number of pandas in captivity to more than 300 - a number that experts say should remain steady.
Turkey bans trips abroad for artificial insemination.
He could be free on parole in 10 years and plans to apply to become a dad by artificial insemination.
A TEN-week-old baby elephant born in captivity thanks to artificial insemination was blessed at a Midland zoo.
Because the prevalence of mycoplasmas in birds of prey is very high and artificial insemination is a commonly used technique for reproduction, the possibility of transmission of Mycoplasma species by contaminated semen in birds of prey was investigated.
Given the advantages offered by artificial insemination (AI), this is perhaps the biotechnology with greater impact on equine breeding, because a stallion can leave hundreds of offsprings over his reproductive life if AI is efficiently used (1).

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