astringent

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astringent

(əstrĭn`jənt), substance that shrinks body tissues. Astringent medicines cause shrinkage of mucous membranes or exposed tissues and are often used internally to check discharge of serum or mucous secretions in sore throat, hemorrhage, diarrhea, or peptic ulcer. Externally applied astringents, which cause mild coagulation of skin proteins, dry, harden, and protect the skin. Mildly astringent solutions are used in the relief of such minor skin irritations as those resulting from superficial cuts, allergies, insect bites, or athlete's foot. Astringent preparations include silver nitrate, zinc oxide, calamine lotion, tincture of benzoin, and vegetable substances such as tannic and gallic acids, catechu, and oak bark. Some metal salts and acids have also been used as astringents.

astringent

[ə′strin·jənt]
(medicine)
A substance applied to produce local contraction of blood vessels, to shrink mucous membranes, or to check discharges such as serum or mucus.

astringent

a drug or medicine causing contraction of body tissues, checking blood flow, or restricting secretions of fluids
References in periodicals archive ?
A fully mature wine, this still had the familiar problems of surplus acidity, astringency and a chewy dry finish.
The bad: full and sweet but monotoned, flat, with a disturbing hint of astringency in aftertaste.
A medium-dry taste is balanced by some astringency in the aftertaste together with the rum flavour and a warming sensation.
The witty astringency of a Haydn sonata provided a fine contrast, an excellently balanced programme closing skittishly with a selection of his Scottish songs.
Moderate acidity, a medium astringency and a very slight back door bite of bitterness is well balanced by ample red fruit on the midweight finish.
However, their bitterness, astringency and characteristic flavor could limit to what extent they are used in foods and beverages.
With basic ingredient research, intense application development, and the utilization of sensory experts, individuals sensitive to the Rebaudioside A (Reb-A) off-notes of bitterness and astringency, WILD is able to offer not only the OnlySweet(TM) Stevia extracts, but also OnlySweet(TM) Stevia blends with Taste Modification Technologies to ensure great tasting foods and beverages.
The assessors also examined the mouth coating characteristics, viscosity, powdery mouthfeel and astringency as well as the amount of residual sediment in the glass.
It's a big mouthful, with an edge of astringency that would be fabulous as an accompaniment to roast lamb.
These highly purified, standardized green tea catechins are designed for use in antioxidant-rich ready-to-drink (RTD) formulas without the color or astringency typically associated with such extracts.
The key is apparently a special selection of strong bittering hops, a robust strain of yeast and the unique hard water around the Burton brewery -based on the original recipe which created an astringency to help keep the beer fresh on the long sea journeys to India.