atelectasis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to atelectasis: basal atelectasis

atelectasis

[‚ad·əl′ek·stə·səs]
(medicine)
Total or partial collapsed state of the lung.
Failure of the lung to expand at birth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aggressive inspirometry, coughing and deep breathing, and bronchodilators could prevent the atelectasis, infiltrates or lung damage that starts the cascade.
Once fluid accumulates, intra- alveolar surfactant will be destroyed, atelectasis develops with V/Q mismatch and hypoxia.
The effect of dexamethasone treatment on interstitial expansion and atelectasis was higher than low and high concentrations and on bleeding than high concentration and on epithelial damage than low concentration of the extract (p < 0.
9) Patients who are intubated and ventilated are at risk of developing secretion retention due to the disturbance of normal secretion clearance, subsequent atelectasis and ventilator associated pneumonia.
The primary outcome measure is improvement in oxygenation on day three post-operatively, while secondary outcomes to be assessed will include degree of atelectasis on chest xray, ICU and hospital length of stay; patient comfort during oxygen therapy; and mortality and incidence of respiratory complications up to day 28 post-operatively.
Pneumonia is the principal pulmonary complication in those with high-level cervical injuries, while atelectasis is the most common complication in individuals with low-level cervical injuries [2].
Whilst in this study the difference between groups in atelectasis and endotracheal tube occlusion did not reach statistical significance, these were lower in the NSI group.
However, non-linear regression indicated that longer duration of anaesthesia tended to be associated with postoperative atelectasis, and increased age to be significant in prediction of pleural effusion.
3) PNP causes a mediastinal shift and paradoxical movement of the diaphragm, resulting in alveolar hypoventilation and atelectasis on the affected side and more pronounced when supine.
Chest x-ray revealed subcutaneous emphysema over the lower neck region, atelectasis of the right lower lung field, and bilateral blunting of the costophrenic angle (Fig.
His X-ray revealed atelectasis, so my orders focused on pulmonary toilet and hygiene with mild diuresis.