training

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training

(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.

Training

 

in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.

REFERENCES

See references under PRUNING FRUIT AND BERRY PLANTS.

B. P. ANZIN

References in periodicals archive ?
The athletic trainer holds the authority position in the athletic training room just as the coach in the athletic environment.
Students have the opportunity to work on clinical skills with an ACI during their clinical experience and are involved in the daily operation of athletic training in various settings during the field experience portion of their clinical rotations.
The new academic center and athletic training complex will serve a dual purpose by becoming the new home of the emerging Health Sciences program and also serving as a care and treatment center for Franklin Pierce student-athletes.
Imprecision in defining CA-MRSA allows for the possibility of case confusion among athletic training clinicians, sanitarians, health departments, and researchers, as well as in more general populations including the athletes themselves.
Athletes will enjoy an outstanding facility with state-of-the-art athletic training equipment along with comprehensive training services.
The meeting inspired Rubino to test Johnson's invention, which Johnson calls the future of athletic training, and Rubino ultimately offered him the help he needed to take off.
The primary reason was found to be that some certified athletic trainers did not receive the information in their own athletic training education.
School systems are getting hammered with having to come up with rules," says Jon Almquist, Fairfax County Public School Athletic Training Program Specialist and National Athletic Trainers Association Task Force Chair.
Hearts enlarge during human development, in athletic training, and in some diseases.
To fill the pages of the AMAA Journal, we often draw from presentations made at the AMAA symposiums held at the Marine Corps and Boston marathons; however, I know that among you there is a good deal of work and intellectual thinking going on in the area that our Journal focuses on--sports medicine, athletic training and health.
Both are ideal for intense athletic training because they each offer diets that are rich in complex carbohydrates, are low in fat, and have ample amounts of protein.
Comparingblood values before athletic training in an endurance athlete, a drop of one gram per deciliter of hemoglobin is probably dilutional.