A spectroscopic method of analyzing an object's makeup by analyzing the scattering of light due to the light's wavelength being changed upon reflection by atomic vibration
A type of atomic vibration
never before seen in ordinary solid materials has been observed in uranium.
Conventional optical lattice clocks cannot eliminate influences of electromagnetic waves released from grid walls surrounding the atoms, which disrupts the cycles of the atomic vibrations
But when it does, it's less likely to set another electron free than it is to create atomic vibrations
that squander the electron's excess energy on heat.
Others believed, as did physicist Rudolf Peierls, that atomic vibrations
and distortions trumped all.
As light is pumped in, the natural atomic vibrations
in silicon amplify the light as it passes through the chip.
In a process known as Raman emission, incoming energy stimulates atomic vibrations
, which then decay, in part, into photons.
In conventional superconductors, atomic vibrations
induce the electron pairing.
The difficulty has been the need to keep the gap between the tip and the sample so precisely constant that voltage variations induced by atomic vibrations
would stand out.
All materials store heat in the form of atomic vibrations
All other units - of time, length, or electric charge - have their definitions rooted in constants of nature, such as the speed of light or atomic vibrations
He points out that in a real material, the presence of structural defects and the "noise" of atomic vibrations
would readily swamp a quantum computation.