The aortic valve was thickened and there was a large congenital atrial septal defect
of the ostium secundum variety measuring 25 mm.
He further informed about the symptoms of atrial septal defect
may not appear until adulthood despite the presence of the defect since birth and when symptoms do occur, they include difficulty in breathing, frequent respiratory infections and shortness of breath.
Caption: FIGURE 2: Echocardiogram reveals large atrial septal defect
Atrial septal defect
in patients aged 60 years or older: operative results and long term post-operative follow up.
Atrial arrhythmia after surgical closure of atrial septal defects
10] exposure levels were associated with the risks of atrial septal defect
(aOR = 2.
Partial Atrioventricular septal defect is a congenital malformation of atrioventricular canal with crescent shaped atrial septal defect
above the AV valve but no ventricular septal defect below this valve and have two separate right and left AV valves with cleft in left AV valve.
2-D Transthoracic echocardiography showed large secundum atrial septal defect
with moderate pulmonary hypertension.
Early and late complications associated with transcatheter occlusion of secundum atrial septal defect
Percutaneous device closure of secundum atrial septal defect
in older adults.
Ectopia cordis is frequently accompanied by congenital heart disorders including ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect
, pulmonary stenosis, fallot tetralogy, right ventricular diverticle, double outlet right ventricle and more rarely with single ventricle, transposition of the great arteries and atrioventricular septal defect (1, 7, 9, 11).
Atrial Septal Defect
Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2014