Vaginitis

(redirected from atrophic vaginitis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to atrophic vaginitis: kraurosis vulvae, trichomoniasis, atrophic gastritis, Lichen sclerosus, Uterine polyps

vaginitis

[‚vaj·ə′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the vagina.
Inflammation of a tendon sheath.

Vaginitis

 

(colpitis), an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Vaginitis is often combined with inflammation of the external genitalia; that is, it may occur as vulvovaginitis.

Vaginitis is caused by the penetration into the vagina of various microbes or parasites (gonococci, trichomonads, and pinworms) from contaminated underclothing or dirty hands or after failure of one partner to observe the rules of sexual hygiene, and so forth. It may also occur after prolonged mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane (for example, prolonged wearing of a girdle for prolapse of the uterus). Vaginitis may develop in girls age three to ten when the vagina becomes infected by the blood flow (in diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, and other diseases).

The symptoms of the disease include swelling and reddening of the mucous membrane of the vagina, purulent leukorrhea (sometimes with an admixture of blood), a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation, and pruritus of the external genitalia. Among the symptoms of vulvovaginitis are a reddening of the external genitalia that often spreads to the thighs and buttocks, purulent discharges, and pruritus. Senile vaginitis may arise after age-related changes (shriveling and dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina). Treatment involves removal of the causes of vaginitis. In cases of trichomonad vaginitis both spouses are usually treated at the same time.

Vaginitis in animals results from injury to the vagina during labor and mating as well as from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the vaginal mucous membranes. The course of vaginitis may be acute or chronic. The vaginal mucous membrane in sick animals is edematous and hemorrhagic. In suppurative vaginitis, the body temperature is raised, urination becomes painful, the animal’s general condition deteriorates, and, in cows, the milk yield declines. Putrescent vaginitis often ends in death. Vaginitis, especially if chronic, may impair the animal’s reproductive capacity. Treatment involves washing the vagina with disinfectants and irrigation with antibiotics. Vaginitis may be prevented by the observance of hygienic regulations during parturition, mating, and artificial insemination of animals.

REFERENCES

Studentsov, A. P. Veterinarnoe akusherstvo i ginekologiia, 3rd. ed. Moscow, 1961.
Gubarevich, la. G. “Vaginit.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
He and his coworkers recently completed an as-yet unpublished phase III clinical trial of pilocarpine (Salagen) for atrophic vaginitis based on a favorable preliminary report in patients with Sjogren syndrome.
For purposes of selection into the program, a slide would not be submitted as both atrophic vaginitis and NILM; both the submitting laboratory and the reviewers would have to make a choice between those interpretations.
Atrophic vaginitis and erosive lichen planus are among the noninfectious conditions that are high on Dr.
org/, to find accurate information about atrophic vaginitis, menopause and treatment options.
One option is Vagifem, a small vaginal tablet that provides long-term relief by maintaining estrogen levels and reversing the effects of atrophic vaginitis.
Within 4 weeks of stopping any form of ERT, postmenopausal women "returned to a state of atrophic vaginitis similar to that of postmenopausal women with no previous ERT exposure.
Approximately 71 percent of women over age 45 attribute the pain or discomfort they experience during sex to vaginal dryness, a primary symptom of atrophic vaginitis (AV), according to a new Harris Interactive Survey.
As blood levels of estrogen and progesterone begin to decline, women may experience symptoms such as irregular menstrual cycles, hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal atrophy, or atrophic vaginitis, the thinning and shrinking of vaginal tissue and decreased lubrication of vaginal walls.
Sexual dysfunction results from a number of factors, including dyspareunia associated with atrophic vaginitis and "a central disturbance controlling sexual desire and frequency.
It stands for Drugs, Infection, Atrophic vaginitis, Psychological factors, Endocrine causes, Restricted mobility, and Stool impaction, she explained at the annual clinical nephrology conference sponsored by the National Kidney Foundation.
Inspire has put on hold its plans to re-initiate in 2002 the Phase II study for INS365 Respiratory in chronic bronchitis, as well as plans to submit an IND in 2002 for atrophic vaginitis.