Vaginitis

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vaginitis

[‚vaj·ə′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the vagina.
Inflammation of a tendon sheath.

Vaginitis

 

(colpitis), an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Vaginitis is often combined with inflammation of the external genitalia; that is, it may occur as vulvovaginitis.

Vaginitis is caused by the penetration into the vagina of various microbes or parasites (gonococci, trichomonads, and pinworms) from contaminated underclothing or dirty hands or after failure of one partner to observe the rules of sexual hygiene, and so forth. It may also occur after prolonged mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane (for example, prolonged wearing of a girdle for prolapse of the uterus). Vaginitis may develop in girls age three to ten when the vagina becomes infected by the blood flow (in diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles, and other diseases).

The symptoms of the disease include swelling and reddening of the mucous membrane of the vagina, purulent leukorrhea (sometimes with an admixture of blood), a sensation of heaviness in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation, and pruritus of the external genitalia. Among the symptoms of vulvovaginitis are a reddening of the external genitalia that often spreads to the thighs and buttocks, purulent discharges, and pruritus. Senile vaginitis may arise after age-related changes (shriveling and dryness of the mucous membrane of the vagina). Treatment involves removal of the causes of vaginitis. In cases of trichomonad vaginitis both spouses are usually treated at the same time.

Vaginitis in animals results from injury to the vagina during labor and mating as well as from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms into the vaginal mucous membranes. The course of vaginitis may be acute or chronic. The vaginal mucous membrane in sick animals is edematous and hemorrhagic. In suppurative vaginitis, the body temperature is raised, urination becomes painful, the animal’s general condition deteriorates, and, in cows, the milk yield declines. Putrescent vaginitis often ends in death. Vaginitis, especially if chronic, may impair the animal’s reproductive capacity. Treatment involves washing the vagina with disinfectants and irrigation with antibiotics. Vaginitis may be prevented by the observance of hygienic regulations during parturition, mating, and artificial insemination of animals.

REFERENCES

Studentsov, A. P. Veterinarnoe akusherstvo i ginekologiia, 3rd. ed. Moscow, 1961.
Gubarevich, la. G. “Vaginit.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Previously, all 24 patients on vaginal estrogens had unsuccessfully tried all the other methods of improving atrophic vaginitis.
For women who do not have a medical history that would contraindicate estrogen use, low-dose topical estrogen cream for a short-term course may be helpful in alleviating atrophic vaginitis.
The Food and Drug Administration has approved a 10-mcg dose of estradiol in vaginal tablet form to treat atrophic vaginitis associated with menopause.
2 December 2009 - Denmark-based healthcare company Novo Nordisk A/S (NYSE: NVO) said today that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a 10 mcg dose formulation of Vagifem (estradiol vaginal tablets) for the treatment of atrophic vaginitis due to menopause.
Goldstein cautioned clinicians not to assume that the cause of dyspareunia in menopausal women is always atrophic vaginitis.
Few would dispute the inappropriateness of subjecting a bedridden end-stage Alzheimer's patient to a pelvic examination to rule out atrophic vaginitis.
The most important thing to realize is that atrophic vaginitis is the most common symptom of natural menopause and extremely common in breast cancer survivors.
Follicular cervicitis cases were not included in the PAP PT, and few (n = 5) atrophic vaginitis cases were included because it has been difficult to obtain 90% concordance on these slides in PAP Education.