audiencia


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audiencia

(oudyān`syä), royal court of justice in Spain and the Spanish Empire, varying greatly in its form and function but having some administrative as well as judicial capacity. Use of the term also extended to the court's jurisdictional area. Originally a court of appeal primarily, the audiencia had evolved by the late 15th cent. into a tribunal of two chambers, one for civil and the other for criminal jurisdiction. Generally at least four oidores (judges or auditors) exercised judicial power within a district. The system of territorial and regional audiencias was instituted in Spanish America in the early 16th cent. to help counterbalance the independence and haphazard administration of the conquistadors. The colonial audiencia pretorial, however, differed widely from its peninsular counterpart in exercising executive and legislative, as well as judicial functions, and serving in a sense as the core of Spanish colonial government. As a chief organ of royal authority with the right of appeal to the Council of the Indies, it kept close watch on the acts of the civil administrators. The courts were at first powerful enough to uphold the rights of private individuals, but in the course of the 17th and 18th cent. they became corrupt and inefficient.
References in periodicals archive ?
Me siento tranquilo, confio en que esto tiene que aclararse, confio aE[bar]n con eso que habE[degrees]a en la primera audiencia de que las cosas tienen que salir a la luz, tienen que salir las pruebas como deben de ser y se va a comprobar que no tengo absolutamente nada que ver con eso.
Don Juan Tequila is made from 100% blue agave and produced in Amatitan, Jalisco, officially recognized in 1769, by the Real Audiencia (Royal Court) of Guadalajara, as the principal manufacturing center of “vino mezcal” the name used to describe the distilled agave spirit before it was known as tequila.
Puede que esto fuera posible hace unos anos atras cuando la audiencia tenia pocas opciones de eleccion acerca de que y cuando ver los programas.
La resolution judiciaire sous analyse est l'Auto du Juzgado Central de Instruccion 5, Audiencia Nacional, 16 octobre 200822.
The confirmation has to come from the British consulate in Malaga or from somewhere like the Audiencia Nacional, Spain's Central Criminal Court.
15) Caroline Pivetta da Mota, unica pixadora do grupo que foi detida pela policia--e que foi mantida presa por 54 dias -, alegou, na audiencia sobre o caso, que o ataque teria sido uma manifestacao artistica.
El Obispo nombro dos religiosos de la orden para juzgar la causa del rey zapoteco, pero don Juan no acepto su derecho a juzgarlo, ya que habiendo sido rey y senor, el caso era de la incumbencia de la Corona, del Rey de Espana, a quien se habia sujetado, y por lo tanto debia tratarse en la Corte de Mexico ante el Virrey y la Audiencia.
A contaminacao da Vila Carioca: audiencia perante a Comisso de Defesa do Consumidor, Meio Ambiente e Minorias, Camara dos Deputados, 51d Cong.
The Dutch had no institution comparable to the Spanish audiencia, a tribunal which included four judges.
Ahora bien, el dirigirse a una autoridad no excluye el que Lazaro se proponga tambien hablarle a una audiencia amplia, el publico que atestigua el desarrollo del juicio.
Dahi Aguai, president of the association of missing persons, himself a victim of these acts and Sdani Malainine, also a victim, have described to the Audiencia Nacional judge how they were tortured and submitted to the most despicable abuses.
However, the Audiencia Nacional, one of Spain's top courts, upheld the man's complaint and ordered Google to delete the information.