auscultation


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auscultation

the diagnostic technique in medicine of listening to the various internal sounds made by the body, usually with the aid of a stethoscope

Auscultation

 

one of the basic methods of examining internal organs by listening to the sound phenomena produced in them. Listening to the heart was first introduced in the second century A.D. by the Greek physician Aretes. The French doctor R. Laënnec (1819) developed the modern method of auscultation by employing for this purpose a “medical tube,” or stethoscope. More frequently a phonen-doscope is used for auscultation. This instrument is a hollow capsule with a sound-transmitting diaphragm that is placed against the body of a patient; rubber tubes connect it to the doctor’s ears.

During auscultation of the lungs one listens for the respiratory noises and the different rales that are characteristic of particular diseases. From the variation of the cardiac tones and the occurrence of noises, the condition of cardiac activity and presence of heart diseases can be ascertained. Arteries may be listened to in order to determine changes in the blood pressure. The presence of peristalsis of the stomach or intestines can be established by auscultation of the abdomen, and in pregnancy the heartbeat of the fetus can be detected.

In veterinary science, auscultation is employed in the diagnosis of diseases of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems of animals. In direct auscultation the investigator places his ear against a sheet or a towel covering the portion of an animal’s body being examined; indirect auscultation is carried out by means of a stethoscope or phonendoscope. Instrumental auscultation was first employed in veterinary science by the Hungarian scientist J. Marek in 1901. In the USSR the auscultation method was perfected by the veterinary scientists K. M. Gol’tsman, N. P. Rukhliadev, A. V. Sinev, A. R. Evgrafov, G. V. Domrachev, V. I. Zaitsev, P. S. Ionov, and I. G. Sharabrin.

REFERENCES

Strazhesko, N. D. Izbrannye trudy, vol. 1. Kiev, 1955.
Gubergrits, A. Ia. Neposredstvennoe issledovanie bol’nogo. Izhevsk, 1956.
Klinicheskaia diagnostika vnutrennikh boleznei domashnikh zhivot-nykh. Moscow, 1958.
Sudakov, N. A. “Auskultatsiia.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.

auscultation

[‚ȯs·kəl′tā·shən]
(medicine)
The act of listening to sounds from internal organs, especially the heart and lungs, to aid in diagnosing their physical state.
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Eight study Bilateral auscultation 2010 [12] groups to of the chest, compare three observation and different palpation of bedside methods symmetrical chest of verification movements, use of cm of correct ETT scale printed on the placement tube and a combination of the three methods were evaluated.
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Comparison of the results by traditional and proposed innovative methods of cardiac auscultation training is a fundamental methodological tool of this research.
On auscultation of our patient's chest, we heard an unusual inspiratory sound that occurred at the same time or shortly after the beginning of late-inspiratory crackles.
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It all seemed so logical that EFM quickly becomne commonplace delivery room technology, without any research that conclusively proved that this new technique was indeed more beneficial than intermittent auscultation.
Partnership combines EKG and auscultation training sites with the leading industry reach and resources of UBM Medica US
of Medicine, Division of Cardiology and his colleagues will cover the promise of Dynamic Auscultation using the next generation of visual stethoscopes.
With the physician exhibiting intense concentration as he follows this with auscultation over the chest, the whole proceeding can be appreciated on a more primitive level.
There is a paragraph on admission test by auscultation introducing 'intelligent auscultation'.