authoritarian personality


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authoritarian personality

a person who prefers or believes in a system in which some individuals control while others are controlled. This, therefore, involves dominance and submission, and may be regarded as the obverse of a democratic preference.

The term authoritarian personality was introduced by ADORNO et al. (1950). After studying ANTI-SEMITISM, Adorno extended his interest to the negative attitudes to ‘outgroups’ displayed by ‘ingroup’ members. He found that these negative attitudes were only part of a cluster of related attitudes which could be seen in political, religious and social behaviour, and also within the family setting. Thus, the whole PERSONALITY is authoritarian: authoritarianism is not only expressed under certain eliciting conditions, it is a way of behaving which is a persistent personality characteristic.

Various theories exist as to the conditions which encourage the formation of an authoritarian personality, these being closely associated with the formation of PREJUDICE. In particular, having experienced authoritarian treatment, or the frustration of self-expression, seem to be conditioning factors. See also FRUSTRATION-AGGRESSION HYPOTHESIS, ETHNOCENTRISM.

References in periodicals archive ?
In this view, Lenin and Stalin did not betray a democratic revolution but expressed a revolution based on the newcomers to the city, who found these men's authoritarian personality, political party, and ideology comforting.
In anticipation of Germany's national election this September, Gabriel knows that his Social Democratic Party (SPD) has nothing to lose by standing up to Erdogan, who has alienated Germans with his authoritarian personality, Islamist leanings and flippant allusions to the Holocaust.
The open mind was also defined in contrast to the authoritarian personality, in its many pernicious forms, ranging from Soviet communists to domestic racists.
Even some spin doctors acknowledge the fact that Erdoy-an has an authoritarian personality and political mind.
Images of a punitive, wrathful God have significant associations with the types of authoritarian personality you find in maturing terrorists, such as a lack of love and empathy, low self-esteem, a strict moral stance, suspicion, paranoia, and an inability to love life over death.
1950) the authoritarian personality was a major determinant of generalized prejudice in people toward different groups.
Extremist thinking becomes exacerbated in people with strong authoritarian personality traits.
Ever since the publication of one of the most famous social science volumes in the 20th century, The Authoritarian Personality (TAP) (Adorno, Frenkel-Brunswik, Levinson, & Sanford, 1950), it appears that research on antisemitism and authoritarianism has run on totally separate tracks.
The reader is better able to honestly judge the accusations often hurled at Marx that he was either a personal scoundrel, a closeted intellectual, at times too revolutionary, ton moderate, too bourgeois, an intellectual elitist given to a form of "scientism" having an authoritarian personality reflected into an authoritarian theory, a petty dictator, or an economic determinist who simply did not understand the working class.
Employing Adorno's concept of the authoritarian personality with its dialectics of submission and rebellion, Barbey interprets the protagonist's anarchist leanings as an emotional act of rebellion by a confused and alienated social outsider.
Authoritarian personality of the parents and its effects on their children.