autobiography

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autobiography:

see biographybiography,
reconstruction in print or on film, of the lives of real men and women. Together with autobiography—an individual's interpretation of his own life—it shares a venerable tradition, meeting the demands of different audiences through the ages.
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Autobiography

 

a description of one’s own life; a literary genre similar to memoirs but differing from them in a greater emphasis on the author’s person and psychology.

Examples of autobiographies are Saint Augustine’s Confessions (397–398), P. Abélard’s Historia Calamitatum (1132–36), and B. Cellini’s The Life of Benvenuto (1558–66). The first Russian autobiography was The Life of the Archpriest Avvakum (1672–75). In modern literature J.-J. Rousseau and A. I. Herzen have created literary autobiographical confessions. Some works of L. N. Tolstoy, M. Gorky, K. G. Paustovskii, M. Proust, and other writers are autobiographical in character. The autobiographies of the revolutionary figures G. Garibaldi, P. A. Kropotkin, and A. Bebel have been translated into many languages.

The word “autobiography” may also refer to a brief chronological summary of the chief events of one’s life.

autobiography

an account of a person's life written or otherwise recorded by that person
References in periodicals archive ?
This kind of struggle for success as initiation into manhood is supposed to be intense, and, furthermore, Trollope's portrait of himself as a child and schoolboy as pitiful, misunderstood, and friendless is typical of Victorian autobiographies (Mill's and Ruskin's are memorable examples, and Dickens' fictionalized account in David Copperfield is legendary).
A major difference between the Harlow and Perkins studies is the latter's emphasis solely on the political autobiographies of three black American women as texts.
The choice to restrict the selection to diaries and autobiographies should have been taken into account as a factor that affected the gender balance of the source material.
In the nuns study, one rater analyzed the autobiographies, without knowing whether the nuns who wrote them had developed Alzheimer's disease, and a second rater independently checked 10 of them.
While Amelang admits that the catalog of autobiographies (and the information about them) is far from comprehensive, both Amelang and Stanford University Press should be applauded for expending the time and effort to produce a valuable and useful bibliographic tool.
Though he discusses the role of women in these autobiographies, Danahay concludes that the fathers are ultimately more important to the creation of "subjected autonomy" in these texts.
One particularly interesting chapter explains the process of comparing Black creative autobiographies in dialogue.
In Douglass's autobiographies, the individuation of his life experiences indicates both a turning away from the autoethnographic enterprise--of relating the self as a typical mouthpiece for an otherized community--and a turn toward elaborating that community's cultural history in relation to particularized life experiences.
Those testimonies are most likely to be found in personal letters, diaries and autobiographies.
In a typological interpretive move--typical of spiritual autobiographies in the Protestant tradition--he imagines himself and his experience as reenacting the truth of the biblical text.
What distinguishes blues autobiographies from testimonial autobiographies is, according to Schultz, neither the representation of blues musicians and textual incorporation of blues lyric forms (by which standard Hughes, Handy, and Hurston might well be grouped together), nor the evocation of the Jim Crow South at its most nakedly oppressive (by which standard Handy might arguably be grouped with Himes, Wright, Mood y, and Angelou), but rather the imputed generic origin of each form, and a quality of heightened, searching consciousness that manifests itself, in the case of blues autobiography, as an open-endedness of plot.
Counting journalist Philippa Schuyler's posthumous memoir Good Men Die (1969), there have been but seven autobiographies by participants in or observers of the war; French's is the eighth, and the first in over two decades.