Autogenesis


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autogenesis

[¦ȯd·ō·′jen·ə·səs]
(biology)

Autogenesis

 

the idealistic doctrine that strives to explain the evolution of organisms as resulting from the action of inherent factors alone. Elements of autogenesis were present in the theory of J. B. Lamarck. The idea of autogenesis was elaborated more consistently by the zoologists K. Baer, A. Kölliker, and L. S. Berg, the botanists K. Nägeli and S. I. Korzhinskii, the paleontologist E. Cope, and the ǵeneticists H. de Vries and Iu. A. Filipchenko. The conjectured inherent factor of development is sometimes called the “principle of perfection” (Nägeli) and sometimes the “force of growth,” or “bath-mism” (Cope). Autogenesis opposed the materialistic theory of evolution which is based on natural selection. C. Darwin, A. Weismann, K. A. Timiriazev, A. N. Severtsov, and other Darwinist biologists have made valid criticisms of autogenesis.

REFERENCE

Istoriia evoliutsionnykh uchenii v biologii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

L. IA. BLIAKHER

References in periodicals archive ?
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The narrator, by recounting first what really happened and then what Aaron says occurred is signaling to the reader the spuriousness of the belief in autogenesis of divine statues.
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Wagnon hopes the Alaska Science and Technology Foundation will nurture more projects such as Autogenesis that venture capitalists will find attractive.