Collection and storage of blood for autologous transfusion
will only be initiated upon the written authority of the clinician/surgeon requesting the units.
(predeposit autologous blood, acute normovolaemic hemodilution, intraoperative and postoperative blood salvation) is an economically justifiable and safe alternative.
Can cord blood be used for autologous transfusion
in preterm neonates?
THR patient and US$1352 per TKR patient) compared with either the use of autologous transfusion
or preoperative erythropoietin (8).
Whole blood transfusions are rare in modern medicine - the main use is with autologous transfusion
(when a patient has "pre-banked" blood for their own use).
During that time, not one patient received or required an allogeneic or autologous transfusion
There has been renewed interest for the use of autologous transfusion
in elective orthopaedic surgery (Feagan, Wong, Johnston, & Arellano, 2002; Martin, Whiteside, Milliano, & Reedy, 1992; Munoz, Ariza, Garceran, Gomez, & Campos, 2005; Pertl & Kaltenecker, 2001; Sinardi, et al.
Intraoperative autologous transfusion
should be considered when there is major blood loss and an inadequate amount of packed red blood cells is available.
23) Similarly, a recent small study (n = 9) of isovolemic hemodilution in healthy human volunteers demonstrated normal cognitive function at a hemoglobin concentration as low as 7 g/dl but subtle changes in cognitive function with lower hemoglobin levels (reversible with autologous transfusion
back to 7 g/dl).
Other methods of autologous transfusion
are ``perioperative blood salvage'' where blood is collected during the operation, or ``post operative salvage'' where blood is collected after surgery via drainage of the operative site and reinfused.
process is generally known as an autologous transfusion
, in which a person might give one unit of blood each week for up to six weeks before the date of the elective surgery (most likely on bones, urinary tract, heart and blood vessels).
Surgeons are being advised to promote autologous transfusion
before elective surgery and to consider the use of substitute blood products in certain surgical procedures.