autopsy

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autopsy:

see post-mortem examinationpost-mortem examination
or autopsy,
systematic examination of a cadaver for study or for determining the cause of death. Post-mortems use many methodical procedures to determine the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, for epidemologic purposes, for establishment of
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.

Autopsy

 

(section, obduction), the examination of a corpse in order to clarify the nature of the morbid changes and establish the cause of death.

Autopsies maybe either pathologicoanatomical or medicolegal; the first explores death from various diseases in a medical facility, while the latter refers to deaths that may be ascribed to violent or criminal action and that are ordered investigated by legal authorities. Autopsy plays an enormous role in instruction and refinement of the physician’s knowledge (as a check for the validity of diagnosis and treatment). Autopsies are also used as a basis for the exploration of problems in thanatology and resuscitation and the statistical indexes of mortality and lethality. Data from medicolegal autopsies have an important and sometimes decisive influence in court. Pathologicoanatomical autopsy is carried out by a pathological anatomist-physician (prosector) in specially equipped institutions attached to clinics or hospitals; medicolegal autopsies are performed by an expert in forensic medicine at the morgue. Autopsies are performed according to a prescribed method, and the findings are presented either in an autopsy report (for pathologicoanatomical autopsy) or a legal statement (for medicolegal autopsy).

V. V. SEROV

autopsy

[′ȯ‚tap·sē]
(pathology)
A postmortem examination of the body to determine cause of death.

autopsy

dissection and examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death
References in periodicals archive ?
They were provided with two papers as a guideline for classification of verbal autopsy data consisting of (a) 14 clinically-significant categories of perinatal mortality used in a study in the United Kingdom (13), reclassified from the 'P list', consisting of 100 common causes of stillbirth and early neonatal mortality contained in the Eighth International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death, and (b) 16 classified causes of neonatal death for verbal autopsy data as proposed in an Indian study by Bang et al.
This is a descriptive study that analyzes autopsy data related to unnatural deaths, handled by Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar from January 2009 to April 2012.
Murray and Hnizdo (unpublished data) analyzed the cohort autopsy data for an exposure-response relationship and found silicosis in almost 52% of the deceased mine workers who had been exposed to dust for 40 years.
After feedback from over 40 reviewers, the revised version was tested on databases from Colombia, Jamaica, South Africa, Kenya, Malawi and Zimbabwe, and verbal autopsy data from Afghanistan and Nigeria.
Several panelists noted that it can take a long time to obtain autopsy data.
Despite severe and generalized clinical manifestations, the result of multiple organ dysfunction, previous limited autopsy data failed to show evidence of viral replication beyond the respiratory tract (10,11).
He reviewed psychological autopsy data for 15,456 adults aged 25 years or older who died in 1986.
The medical records and circumstances of death are studied, along with autopsy data when available, Dr.
However, many people who die from severe sepsis have few signs of inflammation in their tissues, autopsy data show.
7) An independent panel should review autopsy data, with recommendations as appropriate.
If similar autopsy data or official data are gathered from dementia or geriatric clinics in the United States today, fewer subjects are found with brain tumors or other structural lesions.