autumn olive

Enlarge picture


Red berry clusters, pointy long oval leathery leaves with silvery underside. Silvery spots on berries and leaves. Almost 20 times more lycopene than tomatoes (good for prostate). Looks like red shiny berry, not “olive”. Somewhere between shrub and tree, with gnarly trunk, branches have thorns. Yellow white flowers. Berries are green through summer, until fall, when they turn orange, then red. Each berry contains one yellow-tan seed with lines running along its length. Related to Buffalo-berry. Berries are ready to eat when they pop off the branch easily. They are less tart the longer they ripen. Can be eaten straight from the bush. Don’t eat seed pits.
References in periodicals archive ?
Alterations in Soil Fertility by Autumn Olive May Temporarily Affect Native Shrubs.
We conducted choice tests with glossy buckthorn and highbush blueberry in late July and August 2002, autumn olive and winterberry in October 2002, and multifiora rose and swamp rose in January 2002 (starlings) and December 2002 (robins).
Glossy buckthorn, Asian bittersweet, and autumn olive have their places, but those places aren't supposed to be in New England.
Autumn Olive plants initially had significantly higher growth rates in unburned than in burned plots, but there was no effect of habitat on the growth of transplanted seedlings.
Just a partial list includes Norway maple, tree of heaven, autumn olive, black locust, euonymus, common and glossy buckthorn, multiflora rose, wineberry, honeysuckle, bittersweet, porcelain berry, swallow worts, bishop's weed, cypress spurge, garlic mustard, dame's rocket, Japanese knotweed, Japanese stilt grass, purple loosestrife, spotted knapweed, yellow flag iris, phragmites, hydrilla and water chestnut.
This research evaluated the feasibility of using Common and Glossy Buckthorn and Autumn Olive, three fast-growing, woody invasive species found in West Michigan, as a source of biomass for cellulosic ethanol while simultaneously improving soil quality.
Oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus), autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata), and multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) are common invasive species on Block Island.
Before heading into the field, the group gathered in the shade of a tree and sampled his "sumac-ade,'' a tasty, surprisingly sweet drink made from the berries of a non-poisonous variety of sumac; fruit roll-ups made from autumn olive, an invasive species that flourishes on roadsides and whose berries contain more of the nutrient lycopene than tomatoes; black walnuts; and nuts from the shagbark hickory, which tasted like pecans.
Physiological Competitiveness of Autumn Olive in Meadow and Forest Environments.
Although these results suggest that this site continues to provide suitable nesting habitat for obligate grassland species, the increasing encroachment of autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellate) may be attracting more shrub-nesting bird species as well as mammalian predators which should be a focus in future research.
Plant species targeted on state park and forestlands include: mile-a-minute weed, Japanese stilt grass, barberry, tree of heaven (Ailanthus), invasive honeysuckles, autumn olive, phragmites, Japanese knotweed, purple loosestrife and reed canary grass.