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a trend in French cinema originating in 1918.

To counterbalance commercial cinema, such directors as A. Ganse, G. Dulac, M. L’Herbeir, and G. Epstain, headed by L. Deluc, tried to assert the principles of high cinematic art, devoting much attention to attempts at original means of expression; they called for the disclosure of the essence of the subject through extensive use of rhythmical montage techniques, foreshortening, unfocused filming, and so on. These attempts ultimately underwent a significant evolution.

From the early 1920’s formalistic tendencies, the influence of such artistic trends as dadaism and surrealism, and an orientation toward the tastes of narrow circles of the refined bourgeois intelligentsia were expressed in the work of the avant-gardists. These very tendencies received the greatest dissemination and the most brilliant expression in France and other countries. The early works of R. Clair, J. Renoir, L. Grémillon, J. Vigo, L. Buñuel, and others have avant-garde ties. During the 1930’s a number of directors of the avant-garde moved toward realistic art.


Sadul’, Zh. Istoriia kinoiskusstva ot ego zarozhdeniia do nashikh dnei. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from French.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The avant-gardists undertook an assault against such art precisely because they saw it as an institution set off from the praxis of life (86, 83).
At the same time, it serves its purpose of showing the city in its best light--the harbor views available from every venue are no coincidence--flattering it with the suggestion that it might be avant-gardist to boot.
Thus both the critic and the avant-gardist are "anti-filiatives," acceding to originality through the critical reappraisal of the institution of art itself and the Romantic notions of originality that infuse it.
In chapter seven, "Nanni Balestrini and the Invisibility of the Poetic 'I,'" Picchione discusses the work in concrete and electronic poetry of the most radical of all avant-gardists, Balestrini.
Emshwiller, the latter of whom is the daughter of noted avant-gardist Ed Emshwiller).
Inspired by 1920s Russian avant-gardist Dziga Vertov's kino pravda (cinema truth), and still photographers like Henri Cartier-Bresson (who hunted big game before he decided to track human beings), they shot fast and loose with excitingly new, lightweight cameras and portable sound equipment.
Also in the works is a collaboration with Brazilian composer/percussionist Thiago de Mello, an avant-gardist who has already attracted the attention of such world renowned classical artists as guitarist Carlos Barbosa-Lima.
Powerful and avant-gardist, the Black Sea is a rugged all weather sports diving timekeeper with a self-winding movement which features a 42 hours power reserve indicator, oversized small seconds register and a large date display.
Liz Kotz named him, in the pages of this magazine, the most elusive avant-gardist, and he is perhaps best known for his influential collaborations with various prominent figures, from Maciunas to La Monte Young, Jack Smith, and Walter De Maria.
But it's unlikely that any of the renowned avant-gardist 56 Group could have expected the esteem with which they'd be held 56 years later, with three separate exhibitions being held this summer to showcase their paintings and sculptures both past and present.
Kent Johnson's remarks about the avant-garde are less dismissive than they are disappointed, and in some ways he is a better avant-gardist than Rodefer.