avatara


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

avatara

(ăv'ətârə) [Skt.,=descent], incarnations of Hindu gods, especially VishnuVishnu
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Narayana. First mentioned in the Veda as a minor deity, his theistic cults, known as Vaishnavism, or Vishnuism, grew steadily from the first millennium B.C., absorbing numerous different traditions and minor deities.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The doctrine of avatara first occurs in the Bhagavad-GitaBhagavad-Gita
[Skt.,=song of the Lord], Sanskrit poem incorporated into the Mahabharata, one of the greatest religious classics of Hinduism. The Gita (as it is often called) consists of a dialogue between Lord Krishna and Prince Arjuna on the eve of the great battle of
..... Click the link for more information.
, where KrishnaKrishna
[Sanskrit,=black], one of the most popular deities in Hinduism, the eighth avatar, or incarnation of Vishnu. Krishna appears in the Mahabharata epic as a prince of the Yadava tribe and the friend and counselor of the Pandava princes.
..... Click the link for more information.
 declares: "For the preservation of the righteous, the destruction of the wicked, and the establishment of dharma [virtue], I come into being from age to age." Vishnu is believed to have taken nine avatara, in both animal and human form, with a tenth yet to come. The avatara of ShivaShiva
or Siva
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Mahadeva. The "horned god" and phallic worship of the Indus valley civilization may have been a prototype of Shiva worship or Shaivism.
..... Click the link for more information.
 are imitations of those of Vishnu.
References in periodicals archive ?
First published in Dutch as De niet-Westerse Jezuz: Jezus als bodhisattva, avatara, goeroe, profeet, voorouder of genezer?
Like Beloved, the story is "built up from fragments", in this case as Avey gradually makes connections and is guided by others to make connections among her fragmented memories, and between these memories and her present experiences, eventually reconstructing her self as Avatara - an avatar of all the past and present consciousnesses that have contributed to the making of Avey Johnson.
Significantly, the protagonist in this novel does inherit the name of her slave ancestor, Avatara, of whom, like Tee in Crick-Crack, she is considered a reincarnation.
i, Kama, dharani, avatara, soma, Yogini, Nayika, Uma, and phat (the seed-syllable "phat", as painted on a scroll).
26) In other words, although some Hindus today will try to explain the images as only symbols of the gods, the traditional and still widely held view is connected to the idea of avatara, or "descent.
Charlotte Schmid (2010: 464) has also argued that the Kaliyadamana and Govardhana scenes carry a special power to communicate a truth about Krsna far beyond the immediate context of the biography: it is in these two scenes particularly that the whole mythic complex of Krsna's life and indeed the entire Vaisnava system of the avatara is played out "en abyme":
to Aranyakanda (and elsewhere), the Goldmans seems to subscribe to the idea that Rama is an avatara of Visnu already in the Valmiki Ram.
Hindu Avatara and Christian incarnation: a comparison: I, Vidyajyoti 67 (3) 2003, 181-193.
The first two parts of their Avatara triple-bill (Tat and Moksha) featured a stage-side Ballamy blowing soprano and tenor horns over his own electronic backing, the dancers setting out to modify their traditional South Indian framework.
As the overt allegorical meaning of Avey's formal name Avatara suggests, the novel tells rather than shows; its rite of passage unfolds as a predictable formula that is not dramatized but simply asserted in a style heavily marked with intrusive narrative signposts.
32) Such a response has been criticized on the grounds that it implies that Christianity can meet Hinduism in the fellowship of religion of the Spirit only when its distinctive conception of the Incarnation undergoes a significant transmutation into that of the Advaitic avatara.
In the Bodhisattvacarya Avatara by Shanti Deva it says, "If it can be put right why be unhappy, if it cannot be put right, why be unhappy?