avatara


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avatara

(ăv'ətârə) [Skt.,=descent], incarnations of Hindu gods, especially VishnuVishnu
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Narayana. First mentioned in the Veda as a minor deity, his theistic cults, known as Vaishnavism, or Vishnuism, grew steadily from the first millennium B.C., absorbing numerous different traditions and minor deities.
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. The doctrine of avatara first occurs in the Bhagavad-GitaBhagavad-Gita
[Skt.,=song of the Lord], Sanskrit poem incorporated into the Mahabharata, one of the greatest religious classics of Hinduism. The Gita (as it is often called) consists of a dialogue between Lord Krishna and Prince Arjuna on the eve of the great battle of
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, where KrishnaKrishna
[Sanskrit,=black], one of the most popular deities in Hinduism, the eighth avatar, or incarnation of Vishnu. Krishna appears in the Mahabharata epic as a prince of the Yadava tribe and the friend and counselor of the Pandava princes.
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 declares: "For the preservation of the righteous, the destruction of the wicked, and the establishment of dharma [virtue], I come into being from age to age." Vishnu is believed to have taken nine avatara, in both animal and human form, with a tenth yet to come. The avatara of ShivaShiva
or Siva
, one of the greatest gods of Hinduism, also called Mahadeva. The "horned god" and phallic worship of the Indus valley civilization may have been a prototype of Shiva worship or Shaivism.
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 are imitations of those of Vishnu.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ancestors join the dance with the living Kin, visible, metamorphosed and invisible, repeatedly circled the cleared space together, As the boundaries of time and place are erased, Avey again feels the slender threads" of connection, as the dance is metamorphosed into the Ring Shout, and she feels reborn, "with her entire life yet to live" (249); her fellow dancers salute the deities resurrected inside her, as she re-becomes the Avatara of her past, but in a new, revitalized form.
67) Conversely, whereas Christ's Incarnation attests to a greater immanence, and an avatara to more transcendence, the opposite is true regarding sacred images.
Pour Visnu, les avatara offrent l'occasion d'adopter une forme particuliere, geante ou animale.
Cuney insisted that the child should be given the grandmother's name: Avatara.
Though generally perceived as a manifestation of Vishnu in his avatara as Shri Krishna, Shiva and the Goddess are also known to have manifested Vishvarupa, as revealed by the author.
17-22), the overriding frame is the avatara myth, i.
Prominent among these has been avatara ("[divine] descent"), the (repeated) decision of Lord Vishnu to descend into the world, a salvific act inevitably compared with Christ's incarnation.
JACOBSEN, KNUT A, Kapila: Founder of Samkhya and Avatara of Visnu (with a Translation of Kapilasuri-samvada).
For Akhilananda, Christ is primarily an avatara, that is, an utterly illuminated soul with a full awareness of its divinity and therefore realizing in his life the two great aphorisms of Hinduism: Aham brahmasmi ("I am the Brahman") and Tattvamasi ("You are That [the Brahman]).
The notion of avatara offered a theological language for the practice of image devotion.
Jesus as Prajapati (Lord of Creatures), as Cit (consciousness), as Avatara (incarnation), as Isvara (the cosmic Christ), as Guru (teacher), as Adi Purasha (the first person), as Shakti (power), as eternal Om (logos), as Bodhisattva (the buddha who postpones enlightenment in order to suffer with human beings).
4), namely his claim to be, after Hanumat and Bhimasena, the third avatara of Visnu's son Vayu, and, thereby, empowered to accomplish the task of Visnu (bhagavatkaryasadhakah).