average


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Related to average: standard deviation

average,

number used to represent or characterize a group of numbers. The most common type of average is the arithmetic meanmean,
in statistics, a type of average. The arithmetic mean of a group of numbers is found by dividing their sum by the number of members in the group; e.g., the sum of the seven numbers 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, and 19 is 70 so their mean is 70 divided by 7, or 10.
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. See medianmedian.
1 In statistics, a type of average. In a group of numbers as many numbers of the group are larger than the median as are smaller. In the group 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, 19, the median is 9, three numbers being larger and three smaller.
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; modemode,
in statistics, an infrequently used type of average. In a group of numbers the mode is the number occurring most frequently. In the group 1, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 6, 9, 9, the mode is 6 because it occurs four times and the others only once or twice.
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.

average

see MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY.

Average

 

in maritime law. (1) General average—property damage caused intentionally to a ship or its cargo to avoid danger to both or to forestall losses (for instance, the jettison of cargo or of ship provisions to lighten the ship in trying to get off a sandbank). The USSR Trade Navigation Code defines general average as losses suffered as a consequence of intentional and reasonable emergency expenditures and sacrifices to save a ship or its cargo from danger. The losses incurred in the case of general average are distributed proportionally according to the value of the ship, freight, and heavy loads.

(2) Particular average—unintentional damage caused to a ship or its cargo or in connection with their movement; the losses in the case of particular average are borne by those who suffered them or by those who are responsible for having caused them.

In Soviet legislation questions relating to general and particular average are regulated by the USSR Trade Navigation Code. In international trade, relations arising out of general average are regulated by the York-Antwerp Rules (the 1950 edition). These rules are applied only according to an agreement between the parties included in their contract of affreightment.

average

[′av·rij]
(mathematics)

average

1. the result obtained by adding the numbers or quantities in a set and dividing the total by the number of members in the set
2. (of a continuously variable ratio, such as speed) the quotient of the differences between the initial and final values of the two quantities that make up the ratio
3. Maritime law
a. a loss incurred or damage suffered by a ship or its cargo at sea
b. the equitable apportionment of such loss among the interested parties
References in classic literature ?
The average man IS selfish," the Bishop affirmed valiantly.
Remember, we agreed that the average man is selfish.
Take the example which we have now in view," pursued Sir Patrick--"the example of an average young gentleman of our time, blest with every advantage that physical cultivation can bestow on him.
I have taken the example--not of a specially depraved man, as you erroneously suppose--but of an average man, with his average share of the mean, cruel, and dangerous qualities, which are part and parcel of unreformed human nature--as your religion tells you, and as you may see for yourself, if you choose to look at your untaught fellow-creatures any where.
If an animal can in any way protect its own eggs or young, a small number may be produced, and yet the average stock be fully kept up; but if many eggs or young are destroyed, many must be produced, or the species will become extinct.
The amount of food for each species of course gives the extreme limit to which each can increase; but very frequently it is not the obtaining food, but the serving as prey to other animals, which determines the average numbers of a species.
Climate plays an important part in determining the average numbers of a species, and periodical seasons of extreme cold or drought, I believe to be the most effective of all checks.
In the case of every species, many different checks, acting at different periods of life, and during different seasons or years, probably come into play; some one check or some few being generally the most potent, but all concurring in determining the average number or even the existence of the species.
If we wished to increase its average numbers in its new home, we should have to modify it in a different way to what we should have done in its native country; for we should have to give it some advantage over a different set of competitors or enemies.
This will give an average (from the above estimates) of 2.
My blood boils--well, I'm half German, so put it down to patriotism--when I listen to the tasteful contempt of the average islander for things Teutonic, whether they're Bocklin or my veterinary surgeon.
The Law of Exercise is that: Any response to a situation will, other things being equal, be more strongly connected with the situation in proportion to the number of times it has been connected with that situation and to the average vigour and duration of the connections.