average

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average,

number used to represent or characterize a group of numbers. The most common type of average is the arithmetic meanmean,
in statistics, a type of average. The arithmetic mean of a group of numbers is found by dividing their sum by the number of members in the group; e.g., the sum of the seven numbers 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, and 19 is 70 so their mean is 70 divided by 7, or 10.
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. See medianmedian.
1 In statistics, a type of average. In a group of numbers as many numbers of the group are larger than the median as are smaller. In the group 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, 19, the median is 9, three numbers being larger and three smaller.
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; modemode,
in statistics, an infrequently used type of average. In a group of numbers the mode is the number occurring most frequently. In the group 1, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 6, 9, 9, the mode is 6 because it occurs four times and the others only once or twice.
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.

average

see MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY.

Average

 

in maritime law. (1) General average—property damage caused intentionally to a ship or its cargo to avoid danger to both or to forestall losses (for instance, the jettison of cargo or of ship provisions to lighten the ship in trying to get off a sandbank). The USSR Trade Navigation Code defines general average as losses suffered as a consequence of intentional and reasonable emergency expenditures and sacrifices to save a ship or its cargo from danger. The losses incurred in the case of general average are distributed proportionally according to the value of the ship, freight, and heavy loads.

(2) Particular average—unintentional damage caused to a ship or its cargo or in connection with their movement; the losses in the case of particular average are borne by those who suffered them or by those who are responsible for having caused them.

In Soviet legislation questions relating to general and particular average are regulated by the USSR Trade Navigation Code. In international trade, relations arising out of general average are regulated by the York-Antwerp Rules (the 1950 edition). These rules are applied only according to an agreement between the parties included in their contract of affreightment.

average

[′av·rij]
(mathematics)

average

1. the result obtained by adding the numbers or quantities in a set and dividing the total by the number of members in the set
2. (of a continuously variable ratio, such as speed) the quotient of the differences between the initial and final values of the two quantities that make up the ratio
3. Maritime law
a. a loss incurred or damage suffered by a ship or its cargo at sea
b. the equitable apportionment of such loss among the interested parties
References in periodicals archive ?
Weight of calf at 12 and 18 months, and post-weaning average daily gains
No BTA5 SNP marker was associated with average daily gain (ADG) although BL4, BR2936, and BMS1248 MS alleles on BTA5 differed in frequencies between high and low ADG groups.
Four kinds of beef main economic traits average daily gain (ADG), cold carcass weight (CWT), longissimus dorsi muscle area (LMA), and marbling score (MS) are applied to the GMM with least squares means and standard errors (SE), and the top 15 major SNP combinations were selected (Tables 1-4).
Body weight, average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), feed efficiency (FE) and diarrhea data were analyzed using the GLM (General Linear Model) procedure of SAS (Statistical Analysis System, V9.
Body weight (BW), average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), feed efficiency (FE), and in situ digestibility data were analyzed using the GLM (General Linear Model) procedure of SAS (Statistical Analysis System, V9.
42) of the two groups; likewise the average daily gain (416 and 283 g/d), that determined an average increase of body weight of 47.
Traits measured were final weight before slaughter (WT), carcass weight after slaughter (CWT), backfat thickness (BFT), longissimus dorsi muscle area (LMA), marbling score (Marb), and average daily gain (ADG) between 6 (weaning) and 24 months of age.

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