# average

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Related to averages: Weighted averages

## average,

number used to represent or characterize a group of numbers. The most common type of average is the arithmetic meanmean,
in statistics, a type of average. The arithmetic mean of a group of numbers is found by dividing their sum by the number of members in the group; e.g., the sum of the seven numbers 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, and 19 is 70 so their mean is 70 divided by 7, or 10.
. See medianmedian.
1 In statistics, a type of average. In a group of numbers as many numbers of the group are larger than the median as are smaller. In the group 4, 5, 6, 9, 13, 14, 19, the median is 9, three numbers being larger and three smaller.
; modemode,
in statistics, an infrequently used type of average. In a group of numbers the mode is the number occurring most frequently. In the group 1, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 6, 9, 9, the mode is 6 because it occurs four times and the others only once or twice.
.

## average

see MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY.

## Average

in maritime law. (1) General average—property damage caused intentionally to a ship or its cargo to avoid danger to both or to forestall losses (for instance, the jettison of cargo or of ship provisions to lighten the ship in trying to get off a sandbank). The USSR Trade Navigation Code defines general average as losses suffered as a consequence of intentional and reasonable emergency expenditures and sacrifices to save a ship or its cargo from danger. The losses incurred in the case of general average are distributed proportionally according to the value of the ship, freight, and heavy loads.

(2) Particular average—unintentional damage caused to a ship or its cargo or in connection with their movement; the losses in the case of particular average are borne by those who suffered them or by those who are responsible for having caused them.

In Soviet legislation questions relating to general and particular average are regulated by the USSR Trade Navigation Code. In international trade, relations arising out of general average are regulated by the York-Antwerp Rules (the 1950 edition). These rules are applied only according to an agreement between the parties included in their contract of affreightment.

[′av·rij]
(mathematics)

## average

1. the result obtained by adding the numbers or quantities in a set and dividing the total by the number of members in the set
2. (of a continuously variable ratio, such as speed) the quotient of the differences between the initial and final values of the two quantities that make up the ratio
3. Maritime law
a. a loss incurred or damage suffered by a ship or its cargo at sea
b. the equitable apportionment of such loss among the interested parties
References in classic literature ?
Here was a real woman, one above the average in character and brains.
No more than the average Republican," was the retort, "or average Democrat, either.
Any one of them knows far more about sociology and all the other ologies than the average captain of industry.
Ernest asked, "--unselfish and godlike, and so few in numbers as to be practically non-existent, or are you discussing the common and ordinary average man?
The average man IS selfish," the Bishop affirmed valiantly.
Look at the Map of Crime, and you will find the most hideous offenses in the calendar, committed--not in the towns, where the average man doesn't lead an out-of-door life, doesn't as a rule, use his strength, but is, as a rule, comparatively cultivated--not in the towns, but in the agricultural districts.
Take the example which we have now in view," pursued Sir Patrick--"the example of an average young gentleman of our time, blest with every advantage that physical cultivation can bestow on him.
A plant which annually produces a thousand seeds, of which on an average only one comes to maturity, may be more truly said to struggle with the plants of the same and other kinds which already clothe the ground.
If an animal can in any way protect its own eggs or young, a small number may be produced, and yet the average stock be fully kept up; but if many eggs or young are destroyed, many must be produced, or the species will become extinct.
The elephant actress, as I was informed, weighed one ton less; so that we may take five as the average of a full-grown elephant.
So the average ignorance of human nature, and the average belief in conventional sentiment, complacently contemplated the sacrifice of one more victim on the all-devouring altar of Marriage
Then the successful movement always occurs during the animal's attempts, whereas each of the others, on the average, occurs in only half the attempts.

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