avocado

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avocado

(ä`vəkä`do, ăv`–), tropical American broad-leaved evergreen tree of the genus Persea of the family Lauraceae (laurellaurel,
common name for the Lauraceae, a family of forest trees and shrubs found mainly in tropical SE Asia but also abundant in tropical America. Most have aromatic bark and foliage and are evergreen; deciduous species are usually those that extend into temperate zones.
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 family). The fruit, called avocado, alligator pear, or, in Spanish, aguacate, has a high oil content. It is eaten fresh, chiefly in salads and guacamole. The avocado was cultivated by the Aztecs. Avocados are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Magnoliales, family Lauraceae.
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avocado

avocado

Tree grows to 75 ft (25m) Alternate simple pointy leaves, shiny on top, lighter and soft underneath with ribs. Small greenish yellow flowers. Fruit is high in monounsaturated fat.(that’s good). The mineral-rich pit can be easily liquified in a Vitamix. The avocado plant is toxic to most animals. Avocado leaves are toxic, do not use them.

Avocado

 

or alligator pear (Persea), a genus of evergreen fruit-bearing plants of the laurel family. Avocado trees grow to 10–20 m high and have monoecious, almost white blossoms that form paniculate racemes. Their fruits are large dark green or almost black monospermous drupes (length 5–20 cm, weight 250–600 g) that come in several shapes. There are about ten species of avocado (more than 20 according to some sources). The Persea armeniaca is widely cultivated.

The avocado grows best on fertile, well-drained, neutral or slightly acidic soil; avocado plantings must be protected from winds. The industrial cultivation of avocados is developed in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world, most widely in the USA (California, Florida, and Hawaii) and Brazil. In the USSR there are experimental avocado plantings on the Black Sea coast of the Georgian SSR (Meksikola and Chernaia ptitsa strains).

The avocado yields a harvest of 150–200 kg of fruit per tree. Its fruit contains up to 30 percent fat and 1.6–2.1 percent protein; vitamins B1, B2, C, and D, and others; and almost no carbohydrates. The avocado, which is similar in taste to the walnut, is eaten raw, in salads, and in sandwiches. Its cultivation is similar to that of citrus fruit.

REFERENCE

Gutiev,G. T. Subtropicheskie plodovye rasteniia. Moscow, 1958.

A. I. KOLESNIKOV

avocado

[‚av·ə′käd·ō]
(botany)
Persea americana. A subtropical evergreen tree of the order Magnoliales that bears a pulpy pear-shaped edible fruit.

avocado

1. a pear-shaped fruit having a leathery green or blackish skin, a large stony seed, and a greenish-yellow edible pulp
2. the tropical American lauraceous tree, Persea americana, that bears this fruit
3. a dull greenish colour resembling that of the fruit
References in periodicals archive ?
This is believed to be the first time that avocado pears have been retailed in purpose-designed packs.
MID-DAY: One 6oz/180g jacket potato, 1oz/30 grated cheese and watercress OR 1 egg, poached on one slice toast OR half an avocado pear, sliced, mixed with either 3oz/90g smoked chicken breast or 1 tomato, grated beetroot, lettuce and vinaigrette.
JOANNA LUMLEY: "My little luxury and absolute pick-me-up at the end of a long day is a ripe avocado pear with no dressing on it - just salt and pepper.
Customers just didn't know how deal with the arrival of avocado pears in 1959, with some trying to eat the fruit with the skin on or have them for pudding.
In the exhibition there are corners devoted to various titles: Mr Gumpy's Outing, which won John his second Kate Greenaway Medal in 1970, and Avocado Baby, telling of the tot who becomes a super-strong bully-basher on a diet of avocado pears.
I was picking all the little stickers from the Piggly Wiggly off my plums and my avocado pears and my peaches," said Ms.
But the retailer is also including more exotic fruit and vegetables such as mangoes, aubergines, kiwifruit, courgettes and avocado pears.
Canales was also quoted as saying that Japan will remove duties on avocado pears, mangos and other fruits as well as vegetables including tomatoes, asparagus and garlic.
They get tired of oranges, even of avocado pears and passion fruit.
We have told the multiples they can use cut price avocado pears, rock melons and other exotic imports as weapons to beat their opponents into submission, but if they use beef as well they will dismember domestic cattle production and force the overwhelming majority of slaughterers into packing imports instead," NBA chairman Robert Robinson has cautioned.
A trained nanny, Miss Baker had been staying in the hostel in Childers, Queensland, for three weeks, picking avocado pears at a local farm to earn some money.