backoff

backoff

(networking)
A host which has experienced a collision on a network waits for a amount of time before attempting to retransmit. A random backoff minimises the probability that the same nodes will collide again, even if they are using the same backoff algorithm. Increasing the backoff period after each collision also helps to prevent repeated collisions, especially when the network is heavily loaded.

An example algorithm is binary exponential backoff.
References in periodicals archive ?
Particularly threatening is Backoff, also referred to as ROM malware, which the Secret Service said infected at least 1,000 businesses including Sally Beauty Supply, Staples, Home Depot and White Lodging Services.
Specifically, a biased backoff scheme is introduced during the route discovery phase to find a robust guide path, which can provide more cooperative forwarding opportunities.
Backoff and start looking for sargassum or other debris and chances are you'll have better luck.
Since its origination, the public/private dichotomy has been applied in many ways and discredited in perhaps even more (Bozeman, 1987; Lan & Rainey, 1992; Nickel & Eikenberry, 2006; Ostrander, 1999; Perry & Rainey, 1988; Rainey, Backoff, & Levine, 1976; Starr, 1988; Weintraub & Kumar, 1997).
US-CERT estimates that over 1000 businesses have been hit by Backoff, with only a few already having identified that they have been attacked, meaning hundreds of infected businesses will be currently leaking sensitive data to fraudsters with potentially every card purchase taken in-store.
The body issued a statement following a warning from the United States Secret Service and Department of Homeland Security, which said that a Point of Sale (POS) malware dubbed Backoff may have infected systems in more than 1,000 organisations.
Influence of HPA backoff parameter on a BER was studied for different free space losses and noise temperatures (Table).
Nutt & Backoff (1993) highlight factors such as using ideals (visions) that are co-created in the place of objectives or goals, moving to be proactive rather than threat driven, adopting innovative ideas, emphasizing participation of key stakeholders, reducing hierarchical distinctions, and empowering followers.
Network security specialist, Fortinet, today said its researchers have discovered a fresh variant of the Backoff point-of-sale malware family.
Dependence of error probability for BPSK modulation scheme on phase offset in the uplink and the downlink: dots indicate values without coding, circles--with convolutional coding (rate 3/4, constraint length K = 7); satellite and ground receivers noise temperatures is at 20 K (dots, free space path loss 162 dB) and at 290 K (circles, free space path loss 157 dB); HPAs backoff level amounts to 7 dB; frequency offset is equal to zero; [d.
The effectiveness of modern strategic management methodologies has been well documented (Eden & Ackerman, 1998; Meier & O'Toole, 2002; Nutt & Backoff, 1992; Poister, Pitts, & Edwards, 2010).
Measurements of 20 chips showed increased RF power up to 3dB, or reduced DC power by 50% in backoff at 28GHz.