Bacteriology

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Bacteriology

The science and study of bacteria, and hence a specialized branch of microbiology. It deals with the nature and properties of the bacteria as living entities, their morphology and developmental history, ecology, physiology and biochemistry, genetics, and classification.

The major subjects that have consecutively occupied the forefront of bacteriological research have been the origin of bacteria, the constancy or variability of their properties, their role as causative agents of disease and of spoilage of foods, their significance in the cycle of matter, their classification, and their physiological, biochemical, and genetic features. See Bacteria, Microbiology

Bacteriology

 

the study of bacteria; a division of the broader scientific discipline microbiology. Bacteriology is divided into a number of independent branches. General bacteriology studies the morphology, physiology, and biochemistry of bacteria, their mutability and genetics, evolution, distribution in nature, and so on. Medical and veterinary bacteriology studies the biology of pathogenic bacteria, methods of isolating and identifying them, and the phenomenon of immunity; it elaborates specific means for preventing and treating infectious diseases of man and animals. Agricultural bacteriology studies the role of bacteria in the formation of soil structures, in soil fertility, and in plant nutrition, and the processing of agricultural products (ensilage, fermentation, retting, and so on). Technical (industrial) bacteriology studies the processes of formation by bacteria of alcohols, organic acids, enzymes, amino acids, antibiotics, growth stimulants, and other substances.

bacteriology

[bak‚tir·ē′äl·ə·jē]
(microbiology)
The science and study of bacteria; a specialized branch of microbiology.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lane 5 was filled with a field mastitic milk sample obtained from the naturally infected animals and was bacteriologically positive to C.
Levofloxacin is a bacteriologically active isomer of ofloxacin.
The clinical score for otitis media should be used in studies, and this should correlate to bacteriologically proven cure.
A15 Respiratory tuberculosis, bacteriologically and histologically confirmed A15.
It is for the use in keeping the distribution system bacteriologically safer,'' said Vera Melnyk Vecchio, the Los Angeles area's district engineer for the state health department's drinking water program.
Water used must be bacteriologically pure and should not show the presence of any facial organism like bacillus coli.
During the study period, samples from 402 patients with presumptive TB were tested bacteriologically in the dispensary.
However, the spokesman said many of bottled water brands available in the market are found contaminated both bacteriologically or chemically .
Sunspring(TM) is a portable, self-contained, solar-powered water purification system that can process water from remote rivers, lakes, wells and recycled rainwater, producing bacteriologically safe drinking water.
A survey of bottled water conducted in the United Arab Emirates, where about 90% of the population drinks bottled mineral water; showed that 40% of the bottled water was bacteriologically contaminated [7].
The IBIS studies importantly showed that 30 per cent of all bacteriologically defined meningitis cases in hospitalized Indian children were due to Hib, 69 per cent of cases were in the first year of life, and 20 per cent of the infants did not survive.
The main challenges that are ahead for Bangladesh in managing the contaminated groundwater are now 1) locating the sources of the poisoning and closing them to avoid further release of arsenic via the routes of food, soil, and water; 2) creation of mass awareness about the danger of drinking arsenic-contaminated water; 3) provision of arsenic-free, bacteriologically and chemically safe alternative sources of drinking water to the vast majority of the population; and 4) diagnosing all arsenicosis patients and providing effective management of their condition.