bagpipe

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bagpipe,

musical instrument whose ancient origin was probably in Mesopotamia from which it was carried east and west by Celtic migrations. It was used in ancient Greece and Rome and has been long known in India. Some form of bagpipe was later used in nearly every European country; it was particularly fashionable in 18th-century France, where it was called the musette. Its widest use and greatest development was in the British Isles, particularly Northumberland, Ireland, and Scotland. The island of Skye was the home of a school for pipers. The Highland pipe of Scotland, the most well-known type, was a martial instrument and from it comes the modern great pipe; but at least six other types were once used in the British Isles. The basic construction of a bagpipe consists of a bag, usually leather, which is inflated either by mouth through a tube or by a bellows worked by the arm; one or two chanters (or chaunters), melody pipes having finger holes and fitted usually with double reeds; and one or more drones, which produce one sustained tone each and usually have single reeds, though the musette drones have double reeds (see reed instrumentreed instrument,
in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it. The predecessor of these instruments is the Chinese sheng.
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). Associated with folk and military music, it has been neglected by composers, possibly because of its short range.

Bibliography

See T. H. Podnos, Bagpipes and Tunings (1974); T. Collinson, The Bagpipe (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The official ceremony ended in about 10 minutes, but the bagpiper continued to play, bringing tears to the eyes of many of the participants.
In fact, as Gibson demonstrates, many bagpipers studied piping and built their repertoire during the years following Culloden and subsequently served in the Seven Years' War and in the American revolutionary and Indian subcontinental wars.
Merseyside Band Gallimaufry performed, guiding everyone through the dance steps for an evening of Scottish and Celtic dancing, as well as traditional bagpipers.
A paedophile police officer exposed by the Sunday Mail also worked as a bagpiper at a landmark castle.
JUBILEE DATE: Conductor Garry Walker (above) and bagpiper Robert Jordan (below) will lead the musical celebrations at a concert in Huddersfield marking the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Corner?
Guests were entertained with Irish dancing of a very high standard and a bagpiper.
Complete with a Scottish bagpiper and the traditional dish of haggis served in the restaurant, the annual celebration was held to mark 250 years since the Scottish hero's birth.
As an honor guard bore the flags of the city, state and nation, a uniformed bagpiper blew a mournful ``Amazing Grace.
The role of the city's official bagpiper has remained open for more than 400 years since he was fired for ``lewd'' behaviour.
The luxury vessel is now being sold by current owner, Indian businessman Vijay Mallya, who runs the firm which makes Kingfisher Lager and Bagpiper whisky.
The celebrations included a quiz, raffle and our own Scottish Margaret reading the poem and bagpiper, Bob North
Bagpiper Will Daniel, 39, who busks on Union Street, yesterday welcomed the move, saying it would rid the streets of talentless performers.