Bait

(redirected from baiter)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.

Bait

 

an epic and lyric epic genre of Tatar and Bashkir popular poetry. The term comes from the Arabic bayt (couplet). As a rule, the bait is composed of quatrains with an aaba or abcb rhyme scheme, and it may be as long as 100 quatrains. The genre arose in the 14th and 15th centuries. Prerevolutionary baits may be grouped in cycles according to their themes: military historical and soldiers’ baits and baits about forced labor, peasant uprisings, the hard lot of women, and so forth. There are also satirical and humorous baits.

The basis of the majority of baits is the impact of overwhelming circumstances on the protagonist. Therefore, the death of the hero and a monologue by him—a farewell to life and his family—are characteristic of the genre. A traditional beginning, common locations, and borrowings from sung poetry are encountered in the bait. Many baits have their own melodies, which make up a special part of popular music. Baits are still composed.

TEXTS AND REFERENCES

Katanov, N. F. Istoricheskie pesni kazanskikh tatar. Kazan, 1899.
Bádig, Kh. Khalïk ädäbiyätï, top 1, bülek 3. Kazan, 1913.
Yärxmi, Kh. Bäetlar. Kazan, 1960.
Nadirov, I. Khalïk häm zhïr. Kazan, 1961.

I. N. NADIROV


Bait

 

in the protection of plants, any one of various substances to attract harmful rodents and insects with the aim of exterminating them. Baits include food traps and attractants.

The use of food traps is based on a knowledge of the nutritional requirements and the food-seeking and feeding habits of various pest species. The basis for the use of attractants lies in the study of the mechanisms for the release, dissemination, and sensing of special compounds by insects. Baits may be non-poisonous (for example, decoy crops), poisonous (with the addition of pesticides), or microbial (treated with pathogenic bacteria causing a typhoidlike disease in rodents). They may be wet, semidry, or dry. Ground plant leaves, hay, straw, grain, oil cakes, bran, and, sometimes, manure (against locust) are used as bait substrates. Liquid oils known as stickers (sunflower and cottonseed oils) are used to bind insoluble poisons onto baits.

The production of poisonous baits should not endanger humans. They should be produced outdoors at special sites located far from domestic animals. Baits for mole crickets and grasshoppers are distributed in fields. Baits for susliks, voles, and water rats are placed in fields and gardens in or near the rodent’s burrows. The best places to set baits for mice and rats are storehouses, dwellings, and barns. The average amount of bait for one burrow is 1-2 g. Approximately 0.5-5 g are required for 1 sq m of room or enclosed ground, and 30-40 kg is needed for a hectare.

REFERENCES

Poliakov, I. Ia. Vrednye gryzuny i bor’ba s nimi, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1968.
Berim, N. G. Khimicheskaia zashchita rastenii, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1972.

B. IU. FAL’KENSHTEIN

What does it mean when you dream about bait?

As a lure, bait is usually associated with fishing, although in a dream fishing can symbolize anything from fishing for a deal to fishing for a compliment.

References in periodicals archive ?
The key to protecting yourself from BAITERs, the psychologist and talk show host says, is to know how to spot them.
Many baiters are hardened city criminals, usually involved in drugs and firearm offences, who travel to the countryside to target the badgers.
The Chilean chief (above) says his squad is even stronger than last hit back at baiter Jose Mourinho last night, claiming that Manchester City's squad is better than Chelsea's.
Kluman & Baiter is also increasing its development budget for new products in the Kaybee range.
The residences will overlook the 18-hole Hollow Brook Golf Club that the partnership of Empire Golf and Wilder Baiter Partners is currently completing.
THE RSPCA has welcomed the jailing of a badger baiter.
As well as supplying a vast range of baking ingredients, Kluman and Baiter have in-house food technologists who test the ingredients and help customers develop new recipes or improve old favourites.
In what is one of the most uniquely designed residential real estate projects in Westchester, Wilder Baiter Partners broke ground on a 25-acre tract in Mount Kisco and Bedford that will be home to both seniors seeking affordable apartments as well as more affluent individuals looking for luxury single family homes.
THE fissure within the saffron polity in Gujarat has widened further with the removal of veteran RSS pracharak Bhaskarrao Damle, a known Modi baiter, from active role.
When it comes to ingredients Kluman and Baiter are experts and believe its bumper breakfast muffin is going to be a sure-fire winner.
Wilder Baiter Partners, a Westchester-based residential builder, joined Ossining Mayor John Perillo and members of the local community recently for a groundbreaking ceremony on Macy Manor, a new single family home development.
Kluman & Baiter has developed a range of ingredients to help bakers, retailers and take-aways add that special touch to breads, cakes and other bake-off lines.