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(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.



in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.




References in periodicals archive ?
Since balance training has proven to be effective in improving balance and reducing the risk of acute injury and re-injury, it stands to reason that more and more clinicians have instituted balance training into preventative and rehabilitative programs.
The Wii Fit[TM] video game system has built in balance programs that utilize bilateral stance in balance training activities.
With simple "rule" changes in how the game is played the focus of the exercise can be placed on balance training, positively affecting joint integrity and stability.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of balance training on functional tasks in individuals with mental retardation.
Personal training -- Including metabolic training, functional abdominal training, improving gait, balance training and tips for developing a successful, profitable small group training program;
The most surprising findings, experts say, are the trends that have fallen off the list for 2011 - balance training, stability balls and Pilates.
Aiming for the perfect blend of body slimming exercise and mind renewing sessions, Vita Vie Retreat will lead clients through sunrise beach walks, pilates mat, various styles of yoga, gyrokenisis classes, long and lean sculpting sessions, balance training and more.
In addition to Precor equipment, fitness centers will offer a range of core and balance training accessories, which may include Bosu balance trainers, medicine and stability balls, resistance bands and exercise tubing and weighted body bars.
Hirsch, follows an exercise plan that consists of spin classes, resistance training, treadmill walking and balance training at his local YMCA.
Aiming for the perfect blend of body slimming exercise and mind renewing sessions, Vita Vie Retreat will guide clients through sunrise beach walks, pilates, sunset beach yoga, body sculpting, balance training and wellness seminars on stress reduction and nutrition.
Small equipment, including stability and balance equipment continues to gain popularity, most likely powered by the ongoing emphasis on core conditioning and balance training.