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external treatment of the human body with mineral waters. Some authors sometimes erroneously include in balneotherapy mud therapy, sea baths, and bathing in estuaries and in the natural brine of salt lakes (brine baths). Mineral waters affect the body by means of temperature, chemical composition, and hydrostatic pressure. In addition, nerve receptors are subject to stimulation by gases (CO2, H2S, and NO2) and radioactive substances (radon) that reach the blood through the skin, mucous membranes, and respiratory passages. Mineral waters are used in baths to treat diseases of the cardiovascular system and other internal organs, of the nervous system, of the organs of motion and support, and of the skin. Contraindications for balneotherapy are blood circulation disturbances more serious than those of the first or second stage, the acute stages of infectious diseases, malignant tumors, the active stage of tuberculosis, cirrhoses of the liver, chronic kidney disease, the acute stages of blood diseases, and severe general cachexia.


Osnovy kurortologii, vol. 2. Edited by V. A. Aleksandrov. Moscow, 1959. Pages 60–113.
Osnovy kurortologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1958. Pages 11–202.


References in periodicals archive ?
With this study we can conclude that balneotherapy is a good complement to decrease pain and improve funcionality in knee osteoarthritis.
In another Turkish study, researchers compared balneotherapy with hydrotherapy and to a control.
11) Patients who had a history of knee surgery, major trauma, any kind of intra-articular knee injection within the last six months, balneotherapy treatment within the past year, disabling arthritic changes in other joints of lower extremity, secondary knee OA, serious valgus/varus deformity of the knee, or intraarticular knee effusion were excluded.
Yurkuran M, Celiktas M A randomized, controlled trial of balneotherapy in the treatment of patients with primary fibromyalgia syndrome.
The latest methods ranging from neurodynamic mobilization of the radial nerve, to base-of-thumb splinting, to combining balneotherapy with magnetotherapy, and to leech therapy are greatly diverse and have demonstrated improved pain levels, stiffness, mobility, strength, and daily activities.
When the patient was questioned, he stated that his symptoms had begun after long-duration travel and hyperthermal balneotherapy, and his previous medical history revealed typical FMF attacks, which can cause recurrent high fever and abdominal pain with spontaneous remission.
Detailed geochemical studies of groundwaters and bedrocks have been performed in Bieszczady Mountains (range of the Carpathians, SE Poland), in the area where mineral waters have been planned to be used for balneotherapy.
Studies and works relate to the rehabilitation of the existing (swimming pool of 250 square meters) and the creation of new facilities such as a recreation area of 125 m2, a childhood space of 25 m2 and a space Form with balneotherapy basin of 30 m2.
2007) as, i) the Lombadas and Serra do Trigo CO2-rich waters, and ii) waters used for balneotherapy and balneology as Furnas, Ferraria and Caldeiras da Ribeira Grande (Sao Miguel Island), Varadouro ( Faial Island) and Carapacho (Graciosa Island).
For this purpose, the new facility will have units for consultations, physiotherapy (men, women and children), speech therapy, psychomotricity, orthoptics, psychology, equipment and balneotherapy, as well as administrative and technical dependencies.
Keywords: Balneotherapy, North America, New Organization; Research, Education & Information; Health Benefits; Environmental Protection
Initial propositions before the modifications made by the coordinators Category Suggested propositions (n) General principles 33 Nonpharmacologic management Education 29 Daily living activities 44 Exercises 28 Physical therapy applications 57 Assistive & adaptive devices 55 Balneotherapy 25 Complementary & alternative 14 medicine Pharmacologic management Oral and topical drugs 99 Intraarticular injections 36 Surgical management 57 Total 477