balsam


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Related to balsam: balsam pear

balsam

(bôl`səm), fragrant resinresin,
any of a class of amorphous solids or semisolids. Resins are found in nature and are chiefly of vegetable origin. They are typically light yellow to dark brown in color; tasteless; odorless or faintly aromatic; translucent or transparent; brittle, fracturing like glass;
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 obtained from various trees. The true balsams are semisolid and insoluble in water, but they are soluble in alcohol and partly so in hydrocarbons. They contain benzoic or cinnamic acid; these include Peru balsam and tolu balsam (both obtained from varieties of the South American tree Myroxylon balsamum of the pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), benzoinbenzoin
or benzoinum
, balsamic resin, the dried exudation from the pierced bark of various species of the benzoin tree (Styrax) native to Sumatra, Java, and Thailand; appearing as red-brown to yellow-brown tears.
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, and storax. Other resins called balsams include Mecca balsam (balm of Gileadbalm of Gilead
, name for several plants belonging to different taxonomic families. The historic Old World balm of Gilead, or Mecca balsam, is a small evergreen tree (Commiphora gileadensis, also once called C.
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), Canada balsamCanada balsam,
yellow, oily, resinous exudation obtained from the balsam fir. It is an oleoresin (see resin) with a pleasant odor but a biting taste. It is a turpentine rather than a true balsam.
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, and copaibacopaiba
, oleoresin (see resin) obtained from several species of tropical South American trees of the genus Copaifera. The thick, transparent exudate varies in color from light gold to dark brown, depending on the ratio of resin to essential oil.
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. Balsams are often used in medical preparations and perfumes.

balsam

[′bȯl·səm]
(materials)
An exudate of the balsam tree; a mixture of resins, essential oils, cinnamic acid, and benzoic acid.

balsam

1. any of various fragrant oleoresins, such as balm or tolu, obtained from any of several trees and shrubs and used as a base for medicines and perfumes
2. any of various similar substances used as medicinal or ceremonial ointments
3. any of certain aromatic resinous turpentines
4. any plant yielding balsam
5. any of several balsaminaceous plants of the genus Impatiens, esp I. balsamina, cultivated for its brightly coloured flowers
References in classic literature ?
Yet such was the virtue of Miriam's balsam, or such the strength of Ivanhoe's constitution, that he did not sustain from the hurried journey that inconvenience which his kind physician had apprehended.
Then thou shalt give me to drink but two drops of the balsam I have mentioned, and thou shalt see me become sounder than an apple.
But let us leave that to its own time; see if thou hast anything for us to eat in those alforjas, because we must presently go in quest of some castle where we may lodge to-night and make the balsam I told thee of, for I swear to thee by God, this ear is giving me great pain.
On the following morning at five o'clock D'Artagnan arose, and descending to the kitchen without help, asked, among other ingredients the list of which has not come down to us, for some oil, some wine, and some rosemary, and with his mother's recipe in his hand composed a balsam, with which he anointed his numerous wounds, replacing his bandages himself, and positively refusing the assistance of any doctor, D'Artagnan walked about that same evening, and was almost cured by the morrow.
Mrs Tickit, finding no balsam for a wounded mind in Buchan's Domestic Medicine, suffered greatly from low spirits, and from moving recollections of Minnie's infancy.
Balsam, CFA has joined the firm as a Managing Director and a senior member of the investment team.
Summary: Balsam, the Lebanese Center for Palliative Care, hosted a fundraising gala at La Magnanerie, an old silk factory in Dikwaneh to raise money to continue caring for individuals with serious advanced illnesses.
A Himalayan balsam control campaign was put in place on the Flintshire river after the success of a seven-year sister project on the River Alun, which is now nearly clear of the non-native weed.
However, I have found that at Victoria and on Waterside in Holmfirth the Balsam was being over-run by Japanese knotweed, equally tall and invasive, but with sprays of white flowers at this time of the year Government attempts to eradicate knotweed by importing the flies which control it in Japan have failed (the flies died) and have been abandoned, It is hugely difficult to eradicate knotweed because the root system is so very extensive.
Research shows 13% of riverbanks in England and Wales have been taken over by Himalayan Balsam which can grow up to three metres tall.
JEDDAH: Dana Gas, a major private sector natural gas company in the region, has commenced drilling the Balsam-2 development well in the Balsam Development lease onshore Nile delta.
and Coronal Group LLC have together acquired the 6 MW Balsam Lake Solar Project from Balsam Lake Green Energy.