balsam

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balsam

(bôl`səm), fragrant resinresin,
any of a class of amorphous solids or semisolids. Resins are found in nature and are chiefly of vegetable origin. They are typically light yellow to dark brown in color; tasteless; odorless or faintly aromatic; translucent or transparent; brittle, fracturing like glass;
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 obtained from various trees. The true balsams are semisolid and insoluble in water, but they are soluble in alcohol and partly so in hydrocarbons. They contain benzoic or cinnamic acid; these include Peru balsam and tolu balsam (both obtained from varieties of the South American tree Myroxylon balsamum of the pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), benzoinbenzoin
or benzoinum
, balsamic resin, the dried exudation from the pierced bark of various species of the benzoin tree (Styrax) native to Sumatra, Java, and Thailand; appearing as red-brown to yellow-brown tears.
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, and storax. Other resins called balsams include Mecca balsam (balm of Gileadbalm of Gilead
, name for several plants belonging to different taxonomic families. The historic Old World balm of Gilead, or Mecca balsam, is a small evergreen tree (Commiphora gileadensis, also once called C.
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), Canada balsamCanada balsam,
yellow, oily, resinous exudation obtained from the balsam fir. It is an oleoresin (see resin) with a pleasant odor but a biting taste. It is a turpentine rather than a true balsam.
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, and copaibacopaiba
, oleoresin (see resin) obtained from several species of tropical South American trees of the genus Copaifera. The thick, transparent exudate varies in color from light gold to dark brown, depending on the ratio of resin to essential oil.
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. Balsams are often used in medical preparations and perfumes.

balsam

[′bȯl·səm]
(materials)
An exudate of the balsam tree; a mixture of resins, essential oils, cinnamic acid, and benzoic acid.

balsam

1. any of various fragrant oleoresins, such as balm or tolu, obtained from any of several trees and shrubs and used as a base for medicines and perfumes
2. any of various similar substances used as medicinal or ceremonial ointments
3. any of certain aromatic resinous turpentines
4. any plant yielding balsam
5. any of several balsaminaceous plants of the genus Impatiens, esp I. balsamina, cultivated for its brightly coloured flowers
References in periodicals archive ?
The balsamic glazes are available in a 250-ml plastic squeeze bottle in Lemon, Strawberry, Fig, Truffle, Orange, Plain and Hot Pepper flavors.
See Lisa, left, cook up her balsamic soy marinade and her soy chilli marinade on her web videos at kikkoman.
A new Balsamic Glaze containing 90% Balsamic vinegar is also available from Gourmet Classic.
Season with salt, black pepper, oil and balsamic vinegar.
International clientele puts its trust in balsamic vinegar crystals
English Provender Co Balsamic Italian Dressing (255g), pounds 1.
To make the balsamic strawberries, combine the sugar, Cointreau and vinegar in a small saucepan over low heat and stir until the sugar has dissolved.
For the balsamic air in bowl, combine all ingredients.
Only use the yellow inner leaves as outer leaves can be bitter Olive oil Balsamic vinegar Walnut-sized knob of butter Freshly grated Parmesan Maldon sea salt and freshly-ground black pepper Heat a frying pan, add a little olive oil and the cherry tomatoes on their vine.
Traditional malt vinegars, which have dominated for years, have suffered as consumers are replacing them with premium vinegars such as balsamic, wine, sherry and cider-based vinegars.