baluchitherium


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baluchitherium

(bəlo͞ochĭthēr`ēəm), extinct primitive rhinoceros, belonging to the genus Baluchitherium, of the Oligocene epoch, fossilized bones of which were found in central Asia. It had an estimated shoulder height of nearly 18 ft (5.5 m) and a weight of about 10 tons, and is believed to have been the largest land mammal of all time. The baluchitherium is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Perissodactyla, family Rhinocerotidae.
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The major discovery was made in 2000, when a joint team of paleontologists from the University of Montpellier, France and Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Islamabad found an almost complete skeleton of Baluchitherium form the Chitarwata Formation, north of Sui, in the Bugti Hills after a search of almost three years.
The Baluchitherium displayed at PMNH is estimated to have been about 26 feet (8 m) long, 18 feet (5.
The Baluchitherium become extinct due to the movements of Asia and Africa destroyed the most important prehistoric sea, the "Tethys".
Welcomme said he believed the huge baluchitherium originally came from North America.
Soomro said that the addition of Baluchitherium and Blue Whale Displays at PMNH are an achievement of the PMNH scientists.
He said the average height of an adult Baluchitherium is estimated to have been 18 ft high at the shoulder, and approximate weight is two ton (2,000 kilograms).
It is called Baluchitherium because "Baluchi" stands for Balochistan; "therium" for Beast.
Fossils of this giant land mammal, Baluchitherium, were first discovered in the Bugti Hills in 1908, and included only a few foot bones.
ISLAMABAD -- The large size displays of Baluchitherium (the largest mammal on earth) and Blue Whale at Pakistan Museum of Natural History (PMNH), are attracting people of twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, in large number.
At the end of the ceremony, the PSF Chairman presented a model of Baluchitherium to the Federal Minister for Science and Technology.