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banana,

name for several species of the genus Musa and for the fruits these produce. The banana plant—one of the largest herbaceous plants—is native to tropical Asia but now cultivated throughout the tropics. Used to a minor degree for its leaf fiber, the banana is of the same genus as the extremely valuable fiber plant Manila hempManila hemp,
the most important of the cordage fibers. It is obtained chiefly from the Manila hemp plant (Musa textilis) of the family Musaceae (banana family). It is grown mainly in its native Philippine Islands, where it has been cultivated since the 16th cent.
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, or abaca, and is also related to the bird-of-paradise flowerbird-of-paradise flower,
large tropical herb (Strelitzia reginae) of the family Musaceae (banana family), native to S Africa. Its large blue and orange blossom resembles an exotic bird; it is cultivated as an ornamental in warmer regions and as a greenhouse plant, and is
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. Along with the banana, these are economically the most important plants of the banana family (the Musaceae), a group of large monocotyledonous tropical herbs. The banana is of palmlike aspect and has very large leaves, the overlapping bases of which form the so-called false trunk. As the plant reaches maturity its true stem rises from the ground and pushes through the center of the false trunk to emerge from the top of the plant, there becoming pendent and bearing the male and female flowers. The female flowers develop into bananas, the clusters of upturned fruits being called "hands" and each banana a "finger." The plants are cut down to harvest the fruit, since they bear only once. Their seeds are sterile; shoots from the rhizomes are used for propagation. The banana fruit (botanically a berry) is a staple food in the tropics and is used in many forms, raw or cooked, and grown in many varieties; sweeter fruits are often known as bananas, and starchier ones as plantains. Dried bananas are eaten as "banana figs" and inferior fruits serve as a stock feed. Banana oil is a synthetic product, so named because of its odor. Although the banana has long been cultivated in Asia—Alexander the Great encountered it in India—the large international traffic began only in the late 19th cent. with the development of refrigerated transport. Bananas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Zingiberales, family Musaceae.
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banana

Considered a weed in Asia. The flower is edible. The root and stalk are edible. Juice from the stalk core is used to treat kidney stones. Sap is used as glue. Leaves can be used as plates or place settings. Banana Blossoms, also know as banana hearts. are a purple-red pointy growth at the top the trunk. Banana flowers can be eaten raw or cooked. Remove tough covering and eat the soft white inner part. Some varieties are too bitter. Soak in water to remove sap before eating. Wild bananas have large hard seeds. Bananas are one of the best sources of potassium, which helps heart, blood pressure, arteries. Bananas have antacid effect to help stomach ulcers. Great source of fiber to help elimination, constipation. Good source of fructooligosaccharides, which feeds probiotics. Green bananas help leaky gut and nutrient absorption. Commercial bananas may be treated with ethylene gas to ripen them, but also makes them bad for people with latex allergies. That’s why its better to grow your own :-) Bananas are also mood enhancers and mild sedatives. The potassium helps you sleep better. For white teeth, rub the insides of banana peel on teeth for 2 minutes.

Banana

 

(Musa), a genus of perennial plants of the Musa-ceae family.

The banana is a tall, sometimes giant herb with a large rhizome and a short stalk. Its very large leaves are in sheaths that form a multilayered tube or false trunk. The young leaves and the inflorescence, which resembles an enormous brush, emerge through the false trunk. The flowers are unisexual and bisexual. The fruit is polyspermic, berry-shaped, and thick-skinned. In the cultivated forms the fruit is often seedless (the plants are propagated only vegetatively) and reaches a length of 15 cm and a diameter of 3–4 cm. As many as 300 fruit can develop on one axis; the total amount may weigh 50–60 kg. The aboveground portion of the banana dies after bearing fruit. There are 60–70 species of bananas in the tropics and subtropics of Africa, Asia, and Australia.

The banana is an ancient crop, and for tropical regions it is a most important food plant and a major export item. The most widely found cultivated bananas are the hybrid thermophilic species M. x paradisiaca and M. x sapientum (dessert varieties, or the so-called pisang) as well as the comparatively cold-resistant southern Chinese M. nana (M. cav-endishii). The fruit of the cultivated banana is 40 percent skin and 60 percent starchy, sweet pulp with undeveloped seeds. The pulp of a fresh banana contains 14–22 percent sugars, 5–8 percent starch, and up to 1.5 percent protein. The aroma of the banana depends upon the esters isovaleric-isoamyl and isoamyl acetate. The fruit is eaten fresh and dried, and it can be used to make banana flour, canned goods, jams, syrup, and wine. Some species of banana have fruit with a hard, starchy, sour pulp; they are used basically as livestock feed and are eaten by humans only when they have been fried or boiled. The textile or spinning banana (M. textilis) is grown as an industrial crop. A light, strong fiber called manila hemp (abaca) is obtained from the false trunks of this plant and used to make rope, fishing gear, and other goods. The Japanese banana (M. basjoo) is grown as a decorative plant in the USSR on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus and the Crimea. The Abyssinian banana (M. ensete) is grown as a food and fiber plant in Africa. This species is now more often put in the genus Ensete (E. ventricosum).

REFERENCES

Alekseev, V. P. “Banan.” Biul. Vsesoiuznogo nauchno-issledovatel’skogo instituta chaia i subtropicheskikh kul’tur. 1955, no. 2.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1964.

What does it mean when you dream about a banana?

The banana has been seen as a sexual symbol, as in the jest, “Is that a banana in your pocket or are you just glad to see me?” But since the banana is the staple food for monkeys, the dreamer may need to get serious about some situation in which they are “monkeying around.”

banana

[bə′nan·ə]
(botany)
Any of the treelike, perennial plants of the genus Musa in the family Musaceae; fruit is a berry characterized by soft, pulpy flesh and a thin rind.

banana

1. any of several tropical and subtropical herbaceous treelike plants of the musaceous genus Musa, esp M. sapientum, a widely cultivated species propagated from suckers and having hanging clusters of edible fruit
2. the crescent-shaped fruit of any of these plants

Bananas

(dreams)
Freud suggested that all such objects have phallic implications. However, all types of food bring up issues of nourishment. In the world of classic or superstition-based dream interpretations, eating bananas suggests a period of hard work but little reward. Spoiled fruit usually suggests “spoiled” situations or friendships.
References in periodicals archive ?
8,9,10,11) Plantations also regularly discarded banana harvest trash on the ground, including the protective plastic bags and the cords used to keep the shallow-rooted banana plants upright.
Although referred to as a "tree," the banana plant is really the world's largest perennial herb.
The chemical was used to kill microscopic worms on the roots of banana plants.
Nematodes can in some circumstances cause a form of cancer in banana plants," continues Dubois, "but primarily it destroys the plants' ability to uptake water and nutrients from the surrounding soil.
Plants that were felled and will not recover are ficus left out in the open, bougainvilla plants, bower vines, multicolored lantanas, most jacarandas, Eugenias, banana plants, most giant birds of paradise and hibiscus, he said.
The Banana plants showing symptoms of chlorosis when extracted and purified by differential centrifugation gave good concentration of partially purified preparation.
Lucia, where I had been dazzled by the tropical abundance--millions upon millions of mangoes hanging from the heavens, magnificent breadfruit trees, banana plants stretching to infinity, almond trees growing wild on the beach.
In Chura, 150,000 tissue culture banana plants have been distributed to date.
And around the lawn, tree ferns, banana plants, and a floss silk tree thrive in Oakland's nearly frost-free climate (Sunset climate zone 17).
In Nicaragua and in Costa Rica, the current issue is sterility, not of banana plants, but of the workers who regularly labored enshrouded in billows of dibromochloropropane (DBCP).
Even when the place is almost empty, this huge space is inviting - with different areas marked out by curving wooden walls, banana plants in pots and sections of patterned brown carpet.