The lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicota bengalensis) is a widely distributed rodent pest species of southern and southeastern Asia.
The objective of present study was to describe the burrow characteristics and hoarding habit of the bandicoot rat in the Pothwar agro-ecology and to use this knowledge in devising a strategy for integrated management of this rodent pest.
Lesser bandicoot rat burrows were identified by examining the size of burrow openings, excavated soil particles, presence of fecal droppings (size and shape) or foot tracks.
Characteristics of the lesser bandicoot rat (Bandicoota bengalensis) burrows excavated in croplands of district Chakwal, Pothwar plateau, Pakistan.
Among small mammals, the most thoroughly studied hoarder is the lesser bandicoot rat, a serious agricultural pest in southern Asia from Pakistan to Indonesia.
The quantity of grain stored by lesser bandicoot rat has been well documented from Bangladesh, India and Pakistan because of its pest status and economic impact on rice and wheat productivity (Roy, 1974; Chakraborty, 1977; Fulk, 1977; Poche et al.
Khokhar (1986) computed a total damage index based on diet and trap success, and found that the lesser bandicoot rat contributed 13.
To best of our knowledge, this is the first report of bandicoot rat presence at poultry farms as a reservoir of pathogenic bacteria.
This suggested that higher population of bandicoot rat at poultry farms may increase the risk of the bacterial infection in poultry birds and products.
Four species of murid rodents, namely the lesser bandicoot rat, Bandicota bengalensis, the house mouse Mus musculus, the soft-furred field rat or metad Millardia meltada, and Indian gerbil Tatera indica, were represented in the samples of trapped animals.
In the bandicoot rat the trap success ranged from 0.
The prevalence of pregnancy (P), the time period (t) during which a given species produced young, the duration of gestation (v) during which pregnancy was macroscopically visible, the average litter size, and incidence of pregnancy (F) were used, following Southwick (1966), for estimating the potential rate of reproduction of the bandicoot rat, house mouse, metad, and Indian gerbil.