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(băn`yən), species of fig (Ficus bengalensis) of the family Moraceae (mulberrymulberry,
common name for the Moraceae, a family of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, often climbing, mostly of pantropical distribution, and characterized by milky sap. Several genera bear edible fruit, e.g.
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 family), native to India, where it is venerated. Its seeds usually germinate in the branches of some tree where they have been dropped by birds. The young plant puts forth aerial rootlets, which, on reaching the ground, take root to form secondary trunks to support the giant horizontal limbs. Branches from these trunks ultimately send down more such prop roots until the banyan crowds out the host tree and becomes grovelike in appearance, often covering large areas. This undergrowth is sometimes trimmed to form arbors. Alexander the Great is said to have camped under a banyan tree that was big enough to shelter his whole army of 7,000 men. The seeds frequently germinate on walls and buildings, causing considerable damage, as do the related strangling figs of tropical America. Banyan is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Urticales, family Moraceae.


, banian
1. a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2. a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India


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References in periodicals archive ?
37) The Second Circuit found that Banian infringed because
ISLAMABAD, April 24, 2009 (Balochistan Times) -- Executive District Officer (EDO) Education Batagram, Mohammad Saeed Khan on Friday formally inaugurated Girls Primary School Akhtarabad in Union Council Banian, NWFP.
In the present study a scanning electron microscope was used to carry out detailed observations of the eggshell surface structures of two common Indian acridids: Hieroglyphus banian (Fabricius) and Acrida exaltata (Walker).
Estuvo en Banian y vio los Budas gigantescos que los taliban volaron hace poco.
3 doubles team of Katherine Williams/Jennifer Banian, who narrowly lost 5-7 to Pucci/Choi, then rallied to defeat Melanie Ware/ Randi Oyama 6-3.
La femme chinoise est comme la racine du banian, [.
Mondialisation and hominimetre are but two of the many rare or coined words used by Depestre in the furtherance of his message, others including homme banian, hominisation, hominite, humanitude, militances.
Tenders are invited for Procurement of white u neck banian.
According to the locals, there were six to eight men wearing kaccha and banian.
One such developer is Dubai-based Palma Development, a subsidiary of Palma Holding and Banian.