bantustan


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bantustan,

in 20th-century South African history, territory that was set aside under apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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 for black South Africans and slated for eventual independence. Ten bantustans (later generally referred to as homelands), covering 14% of the country's land, were created from the former "native reserves." Four were proclaimed independent—TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
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 (1976), BophuthatswanaBophuthatswana
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, c.17,000 sq mi (44,000 sq km), N South Africa. Bophuthatswana comprised seven separate areas, one along the Botswana border, the remainder enclaves within N and central South Africa.
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 (1977), VendaVenda
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, NE South Africa. It comprised two connected areas near the Zimbabwe border in what is now Limpopo prov. Kruger National Park bordered on its northeast, and the former homeland of Gazankulu bordered on the southeast.
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 (1979), and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
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 (1981)—but no foreign government recognized them as independent nations. Citizens of independent homelands lost the limited rights they had as South Africans. Under the South African constitution that was approved in 1993 and ended white rule, South African citizenship was restored to homeland residents, and the homelands were abolished.

Bantustan

(formerly, in South Africa) an area reserved for occupation by a Black African people, with limited self-government; abolished in 1993
References in periodicals archive ?
Mental healthcare provision in the Eastern Cape Province is inextricably entwined with the province's colonial past and, in later years, by the introduction of the policy of apartheid and the Bantustans.
And for Biko, he went on to analyse and intoned that the South African information bureaux throughout the world carried long coverage of activities and pronouncements by Bantustan leaders to highlight the degree of open-mindedness and fair play to be found in South Africa.
The concept of 'grand' apartheid enforced territorial segregation through the system of Bantustans.
In one part of the former homeland, none other than Chief Matanzima, the former and considerably-hated Bantustan leader, headed a tribal court where people appeared before him as "Transkei citizens," citizens of a polity that no longer existed.
But my vision of future accelerated demands for the democratization of Greater Israel/Palestine-which present Israeli policies undermining the prospects of a settlement based on the indigenous people's acceptance of a bantustan in 22 percent of their homeland may inadvertently be making way for--remains for treatment in another article.
According to D'Alema, Sharon explained at length that the Bantustan model was the most appropriate solution for the conflict.
The Palestinian Authority accepts a state in 22 percent of Palestine/Israel (the area from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea); Sharon wants a Palestinian Bantustan in 10 percent of that area.
For the upshot of the bantustan arrangement is inevitably systematic political repression, whatever euphemisms may be used to avert attention from that fact.
Since 1999, the former Bantustan Transkei military leader, General Bantu Holomisa, has been preaching the formation of an opposition alliance to challenge the ruling ANC.
There is a certain climate of opinion that entertains the terrible notion that Palestinian statehood is impossible, and that the Palestinians must therefore accept the Bantustan system that now exists in the West Bank and live under a system of discrimination.
Yasser Arafat was never able to create more than the Palestinian equivalent of a Bantustan in Gaza and the West Bank in the wake of the Oslo Accords because of relentless Israeli pressure, increased settlements and international isolation.
Whilst he may well be content to be the part-time Secretary of State for a Welsh Bantustan, many other people in Wales are not content with the latest fudged half measures.