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(băn`yən), species of fig (Ficus bengalensis) of the family Moraceae (mulberrymulberry,
common name for the Moraceae, a family of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, often climbing, mostly of pantropical distribution, and characterized by milky sap. Several genera bear edible fruit, e.g.
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 family), native to India, where it is venerated. Its seeds usually germinate in the branches of some tree where they have been dropped by birds. The young plant puts forth aerial rootlets, which, on reaching the ground, take root to form secondary trunks to support the giant horizontal limbs. Branches from these trunks ultimately send down more such prop roots until the banyan crowds out the host tree and becomes grovelike in appearance, often covering large areas. This undergrowth is sometimes trimmed to form arbors. Alexander the Great is said to have camped under a banyan tree that was big enough to shelter his whole army of 7,000 men. The seeds frequently germinate on walls and buildings, causing considerable damage, as do the related strangling figs of tropical America. Banyan is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Urticales, family Moraceae.


, banian
1. a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2. a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India


A personal computer networking company, best known for its "Vines" products for local area networks.

Address: Westborough MA, USA.

References in periodicals archive ?
Axel Jarosch, General Manager of Banyan Tree Al Wadi & Banyan Tree Ras Al Khaimah Beach said, "Social and environmental responsibility has been close to Banyan Tree's heart since the very beginning.
Dotted around the world, Banyan Tree Hotels are a 'sanctuary for the senses' and the resort in Vabbinfaru certainly lives up to that bold claim.
The Banyan Tree also has its own boutique, which stocks the cutest souvenirs, including hotel branded towels, robes, and stylish toiletry bags.
The 280-hectare community, which marks the first project in Vietnam for Banyan Tree Group, resides near Lang Co Bay, an area renowned for its pristine coastline and proximity to UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Six children suddenly started behaving strangely and then fainted near a banyan tree on the outskirts of the village while they were going to school on Thursday.
Prior to joining Banyan Tree Hotels & Resorts, he was general manager at Six Senses Zighy Bay in Oman.
Designed to offer absolute privacy and exclusivity, Banyan Tree Lyang C is nestled in a unique crescent bay framed by a three kilometre beach on the Central Coast of Vietnam, an area renowned for its pristine coastline, tropical jungles, rugged mountain peaks and proximity to the country's most storied UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the cities of Hue and Hoi An along with the relics of My Son.
The rising sun has to fight its way through inland canyons of steel to reach the Royal, but when it does, the banyan tree and the coconut palms create a delightful mosaic of shadow on the hotel's pink face.
The hotel will be operated by the Banyan Tree Hotels & Resorts company and is expected to be completed by December 2014.
Banyan Tree Hotels & Resorts Banyan Tree Holdings Names Butt as CEO for THotel, Destinationwo Hotel Brands.
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Banyan Tree Holdings, a leading manager and developer of premium resorts, hotels, spas and galleries, has appointed Stefan Buchs as vice president, Hotel Operations -- Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA).