baptistery

(redirected from baptisteries)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to baptisteries: baptismal font, baptistry

baptistery

(băp`tĭstrē), part of a church, or a separate building in connection with it, used for administering baptism. In the earliest examples it was merely a basin or pool set into the floor. Later, the Christian Church set aside a separate structure for the ceremony. The earliest such structure still extant is in the Lateran basilica at Rome, in which, by tradition, Emperor Constantine was baptized (337). Octagonal in plan, it formed a model for many subsequent baptisteries, most of which were octagonal or circular. In the center of the chamber was the sunken pool, often surrounded by columns, with curtains to screen the neophyte during immersion. Early baptisteries are chiefly found in Italy and Asia Minor. In Hagia Sophia there is a 6th-century example still extant. When immersion was no longer practiced, a separate structure became unnecessary and was supplanted by a place within the church itself, set aside for the purpose. The standing fonts of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance were often objects of superb artistry. In Italy separate baptisteries continued to be built in the 12th to the 15th cent., notably the beautiful Romanesque structures at Florence, Pisa, Siena, and Parma. For the baptistery at Florence Andrea Pisano and Lorenzo Ghiberti designed celebrated bronze doors; for that at Pisa Nicola Pisano carved the marble pulpit.

baptistery

A building or part of one wherein the sacrament of baptism is administered.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some congregations, a very small number, installed baptisteries (e.
Many churches were located close to rivers and creeks and lacked funds to install indoor baptisteries.
By mid twentieth century, indoor church baptisteries emerged as a preferred immersion option for many urban congregations in America.
And how was baptism administered in the other churches, where no baptisteries are mentioned?
Christian communities in Roman Britain are identified by the iconography employed on some of their prestige goods, such as silverware, and by buildings whose lay-out and relationships to other structures are distinct - martyria, baptisteries and so on.
Peter's and San Clemente Rome and the Ravenna churches are notable, together with separate round or octagonal baptisteries.
Few churches had baptisteries, and as a result, as was true in other countries, baptisms generally took place outdoors.
She supplies the raw data so necessary for any critical decisions about renewal in the area of fonts and baptisteries.
Some of the black and white illustrations could have been sharper (for example, 1, 3, 5 and 9), and certainly the Ambrosian font in Milan deserves a better photo to convey the beauty and extravagance of that font which has had such an influence on the history of baptisteries.
He has the theological and imaginative skills to draw the connections between the Holy Sepulchre, imperial mausoleums and early baptisteries, and he links his worked example of the Lateran Baptistery to Cyril of Jerusalem's Mystagogical Catechesis very convincingly, giving us a vivid picture of early disciplines of Christian Initiation.