baptistery


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Related to baptistery: baptistry

baptistery

(băp`tĭstrē), part of a church, or a separate building in connection with it, used for administering baptism. In the earliest examples it was merely a basin or pool set into the floor. Later, the Christian Church set aside a separate structure for the ceremony. The earliest such structure still extant is in the Lateran basilica at Rome, in which, by tradition, Emperor Constantine was baptized (337). Octagonal in plan, it formed a model for many subsequent baptisteries, most of which were octagonal or circular. In the center of the chamber was the sunken pool, often surrounded by columns, with curtains to screen the neophyte during immersion. Early baptisteries are chiefly found in Italy and Asia Minor. In Hagia Sophia there is a 6th-century example still extant. When immersion was no longer practiced, a separate structure became unnecessary and was supplanted by a place within the church itself, set aside for the purpose. The standing fonts of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance were often objects of superb artistry. In Italy separate baptisteries continued to be built in the 12th to the 15th cent., notably the beautiful Romanesque structures at Florence, Pisa, Siena, and Parma. For the baptistery at Florence Andrea Pisano and Lorenzo Ghiberti designed celebrated bronze doors; for that at Pisa Nicola Pisano carved the marble pulpit.

baptistery

A building or part of one wherein the sacrament of baptism is administered.
References in periodicals archive ?
1-9) as if it were an instruction in his will to be buried in the Florentine Baptistery.
Caption: 1 Baptistery of Saint Louis, Syria/Egypt, Mamluk-period (c.
Other highlights include the Romanesque cathedral and the neighbouring baptistery - look out for the sculpture of a pig death.
Other museums include the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo with its artefacts from the cathedral, tower and baptistery, as well as the Museo delle Sinopie, famed for frescoes.
The three-building complex, of cathedral, bell tower and baptistery, are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the centre of Florence.
Activities will be held from 11am-3pm in the Baptistery, from Tuesday, July 24 until Thursday, August 30.
After you've had your fill proceed to the Cathedral and Baptistery close by.
Later, it was converted to a baptistery by Emperor Justinian.
Serious monographs written in English on Ravenna, like Otto Georg von Simson's Sacred Fortress: Byzantine Art and Statecraft in Ravenna (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1948) and Spiro Kostof's The Orthodox Baptistery of Ravenna (New Haven, Conn.
Rather than keeping the font hidden in a corner, we harkened back to a tradition of the past, removing an entire section of pews at the entrance of our sanctuary to create a public baptistery that no one can ever miss seeing.
Beautiful Roman baths, the Episcopal church and baptistery, a Jewish temple, portico and a Roman theater now used for summer concerts and theater shows all survive in excellent condition.
Dante never forgave the Florentines for exiling him, and in his Commedia he wistfully recalls the bells of the baptistery of San Giovanni that meant even more to Florence than the bells of St.