baptistery


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baptistery

(băp`tĭstrē), part of a church, or a separate building in connection with it, used for administering baptism. In the earliest examples it was merely a basin or pool set into the floor. Later, the Christian Church set aside a separate structure for the ceremony. The earliest such structure still extant is in the Lateran basilica at Rome, in which, by tradition, Emperor Constantine was baptized (337). Octagonal in plan, it formed a model for many subsequent baptisteries, most of which were octagonal or circular. In the center of the chamber was the sunken pool, often surrounded by columns, with curtains to screen the neophyte during immersion. Early baptisteries are chiefly found in Italy and Asia Minor. In Hagia Sophia there is a 6th-century example still extant. When immersion was no longer practiced, a separate structure became unnecessary and was supplanted by a place within the church itself, set aside for the purpose. The standing fonts of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance were often objects of superb artistry. In Italy separate baptisteries continued to be built in the 12th to the 15th cent., notably the beautiful Romanesque structures at Florence, Pisa, Siena, and Parma. For the baptistery at Florence Andrea Pisano and Lorenzo Ghiberti designed celebrated bronze doors; for that at Pisa Nicola Pisano carved the marble pulpit.

baptistery

A building or part of one wherein the sacrament of baptism is administered.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sophie Makariou, "The Baptistery of Saint Louis", in Islamic Art at the Musee du Louvre, op.
TIMELESS: The cathedral in Parma and, to its right, the magnificent baptistery
It is the baptistery, though, the Battistero di San Giovanni, to which the eyes of art lovers throughout the world are turned this week, for after nearly 30 years of restoration the Baptistery's greatest treasure has once more been revealed to the public.
Next, take a walking tour of the cathedral complex in the old city centre, including Giotto's bell tower, the Baptistery and the famous cupola by Brunelleschi.
Beautiful Roman baths, the Episcopal church and baptistery, a Jewish temple, portico and a Roman theater now used for summer concerts and theater shows all survive in excellent condition.
bar]b of a mosque blocked one of the entrances to the baptistery of the nearby church.
Bartholomew''s was a celebration of re-dedication of the Tower and Baptistery and Confirmation and Holy Communion.
The complex, which attracts about two million people every year, also includes St Mary Cathedral, the Baptistery, the Sinopie Museum and the Cemetery.
Butrint's other evocative monument is the circular Baptistery.
They stand in the middle of former baptistery buildings adjacent to church sanctuaries.
During the Italian Renaissance the bronze doors of the Florentine Baptistery became an iconic piece of art, the result of a legendary competition between Filippo Brunelleschi and Lorenzo Ghiberti, which Ghiberti won.
Pagezimorja e Butrintit dhe Mozaiket e saj (The Butrint Baptistery and its mosaics).