baritone

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Related to baritonal: Dramatic baritone, Lyric baritone

baritone

or

barytone

(both: băr`ĭtōn), male voicevoice,
sound produced by living beings. The source of the sound in human speaking and singing is the vibration of the vocal cords, which are inside the larynx, and the production of the sounds is called phonation.
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, in a lighter and higher range than a bass but lower than a tenor. The term also designates a bass stringed instrument, fretted, with six or seven bowed strings, and up to 20 sympathetic (i.e., unplayed but freely vibrating) strings. Haydn wrote many works for this instrument.

Baritone

 

(1) Male voice intermediate between the bass and tenor. The lyric baritone (close in sonority to the dramatic tenor) is distinguished from the dramatic baritone, which is more forceful and stronger (in the lower register it approaches the bass). The range of the baritone goes from the note A of the great octave to the A of the first octave.

(2) A bass string bow instrument similar to the viola bastarda. In addition to the six to seven strings to be played with the bow, this instrument had from seven to 20 or more resonating strings to intensify its sonority. The resonating strings were also played with a pick using the thumb of the left hand. The baritone was widespread in the 18th century, especially in Germany and Austria.

(3) A brass musical instrument reaching an octave below the trumpet and used in brass bands.

baritone

1. the second lowest adult male voice, having a range approximately from G an eleventh below middle C to F a fourth above it
2. a singer with such a voice
3. the second lowest instrument in the families of the saxophone, horn, oboe, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Frank Lopardo, with his robust baritonal tenor, is perfectly cast as Imelda's father, Orlando, as is tenor Massimo Giordano as her vengeful brother, Lamberto.
His voice has developed a pleasing tinge of baritonal gravity whilst retaining a youthfully pliant top, all delivered with discreet control and easy charm.
Tenor Philip Webb was an earnest des Grieux, passionate in his intensity for Manon and--after a slightly creaky start--in fine vocal command, with the almost baritonal sonorities of his low register segueing seamlessly into the ringing tones of his top range.
Subtly exploring the distant but well-rounded acoustic with an opening Purcell group (only rapid ornamentation sounded muffled), Partridge revealed a baritonal warmth and lighter top in a delivery which was both intimate and authoritative.
Since then, his grasp of the German language has improved and his voice has taken on a more muscular, baritonal quality, which both make him a Parsifal to be reckoned with.
Smokily baritonal, his pianism warmly coloured and delicately articulate, he gave us gems from Kern, Gershwin, Rodgers, Harold Arlen, Noel Coward and, of course, Bennett himself.
There was more than a hint of baritonal color in the lower and middle ranges, but on top, the voice rang out beautifully, with rarely a hint of strain during louder sustained passages.
Clearly-defined wind perspectives, a suitably nasal harp, and myriad chamber-music instrumental combinations, all cushioned by darkly baritonal strings arranged onstage as they should be (basses across the back, violins facing each other), all contributed to a refreshingly objective interpretation from Fedoseyev which conveyed a convincing sense of structural cogency, and one which made the bravely attenuated closing pages all the more moving.
Each of the singers was perfectly chosen for the particular song--Sullivan evoking the easy, baritonal charm of a Frank Sinatra in a superb account of "September Song," and Coulombe bringing to mind Bing Crosby in equally successful renditions of "Thousands of Miles" and "Mon Ami, My Friend.
Ex Cathedra's policy of drawing soloists from its own ranks here turned into a proud reunion of members who have gone on to great things on the international circuit: Paul Agnew now an authoritatively baritonal tenor, Robin Blaze a radiant male alto, Nat alie Clifton-Griffith and Helen Groves charmingly accomplished, and, most charismatically, Carolyn Sampson a ravishing Queen of Sheba, her top notes illuminating the ether.