baritone


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Related to baritone: baritone voice, bass voice

baritone

or

barytone

(both: băr`ĭtōn), male voicevoice,
sound produced by living beings. The source of the sound in human speaking and singing is the vibration of the vocal cords, which are inside the larynx, and the production of the sounds is called phonation.
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, in a lighter and higher range than a bass but lower than a tenor. The term also designates a bass stringed instrument, fretted, with six or seven bowed strings, and up to 20 sympathetic (i.e., unplayed but freely vibrating) strings. Haydn wrote many works for this instrument.

Baritone

 

(1) Male voice intermediate between the bass and tenor. The lyric baritone (close in sonority to the dramatic tenor) is distinguished from the dramatic baritone, which is more forceful and stronger (in the lower register it approaches the bass). The range of the baritone goes from the note A of the great octave to the A of the first octave.

(2) A bass string bow instrument similar to the viola bastarda. In addition to the six to seven strings to be played with the bow, this instrument had from seven to 20 or more resonating strings to intensify its sonority. The resonating strings were also played with a pick using the thumb of the left hand. The baritone was widespread in the 18th century, especially in Germany and Austria.

(3) A brass musical instrument reaching an octave below the trumpet and used in brass bands.

baritone

1. the second lowest adult male voice, having a range approximately from G an eleventh below middle C to F a fourth above it
2. a singer with such a voice
3. the second lowest instrument in the families of the saxophone, horn, oboe, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Monday, October 19, sees baritone Jeffrey Gavett at St Paul's Hall.
I'd like to give you my choice of winners: to the tenor Oleksiy the Dame Joan Sutherland Audience Prize and, of course, the main prize to the baritone from Mongolia.
The contract is for the supply of equipment on the car Baritone broadcast at 4 pc
He is a stentorian baritone, with a large, confident sound that nicely suits more rugged songs such as "The Vagabond," the first of the Songs of 'Pawl.
The premiere was part of a presentation titled "The Music of Pepper Adams," which featured the 22-piece WPI Stage Band, the smaller WPI Jazz Ensemble, and baritone saxophonist Mark Weissman and trumpeter Doug Olson as guests.
QUESTION: Which country is the world famous baritone Olaf Bar from?
Mattia Battistini (1856-1928) was an Italian operatic baritone, one of the last masters of the bel canto style, who came to enjoy favor with the Imperial family and nobility of Russia.
He was well-known and became a regular at National Eisteddfods, winning the baritone competition at Llandudno in 1963 and then again 10 years later at Ruthin.
The mixture of vocal textures -- solo chorus, solo baritone, tenor and mezzo, solo tenor, baritone and mezzo, etc.
Juan Pons came to singing the seriocomic role of Fra Melitone not by way of the buffo baritone (the usual route) but by way of singing di Lunas and Rigolettos, which gave the character and its vocalism a heft and breadth not usually heard (the hamminess, however, derived from both strains of baritones).
Producer/songwriter Eric Roberson's velvety but not-too-smoothed-out compositions (a mix of live and studio recorded elements) are the perfect complement to Edler's warm and tender baritone.
Though Day's warm, romantic baritone resembles Rufus Wainwright's, his delivery is more persuasive, less histrionic; the lengthy title track--accompanied by a swell bonus video that pays homage to cinema classics from The Sheik to The War of the Worlds--confirms the 26-year-old's gift for gradually building to an emotional climax.