barley


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Related to barley: barley water

barley,

annual cereal plant (Hordeum vulgare and sometimes other species) of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family), cultivated by humans probably as early as any cereal. It was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Egyptians and was the chief bread material in Europe as late as the 16th cent. It has a wide range of cultivation and matures even at high altitudes, since its growing period is short; however, it cannot withstand hot and humid climates. Today barley is typically a special-purpose grain with many varieties rather than a general market crop. It is a valuable stock feed (often as a corn substitute) and is used for malting when the grain is of high quality. It is a minor source of flour and breakfast foods. Pearl barley is often used in soups. In the Middle East a limited amount of barley is eaten like rice. In the United States most spring barley comes from the western states and most winter barley is grown in the southeastern states for autumn and spring pasture and as a cover crop. Barley is subject to several diseases including smut and rust. Barley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.

barley

[′bär·lē]
(botany)
A plant of the genus Hordeum in the order Cyperales that is cultivated as a grain crop; the seed is used to manufacture malt beverages and as a cereal.

barley

1. any of various erect annual temperate grasses of the genus Hordeum, esp H. vulgare, that have short leaves and dense bristly flower spikes and are widely cultivated for grain and forage
2. the grain of any of these grasses, used in making beer and whisky and for soups, puddings, etc.
References in classic literature ?
Old Barley was growling and swearing when we repassed his door, with no appearance of having ceased or of meaning to cease.
Old Barley might be as old as the hills, and might swear like a whole field of troopers, but there were redeeming youth and trust and hope enough in Chinks's Basin to fill it to overflowing.
O sheikhs and men, have we ridden together and walked puppies together, and bought and sold barley for the horses that after these years we should run riot on the scent of a madman--an afflicted of God?
Look here, Taboureau, deliver that barley and be very quick about it, or make up your mind to be respected by nobody in the future.
Barley grass, which is rich in dietary fibre, provides fuel to the friendly bacteria in the large intestine, which help in fermenting the fibre content of barley.
3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- A rare quality barley, that was saved by devotees for the future, is the inspiration behind Glenmorangie's latest expression.
have announced that this year the entire Briess malt portfolio will be produced from 2-row malting barley.
Problems with the 2014 malt barley crop in the Western United States have resulted in the worst year for malting production in the nation, but beer drinkers likely won't have to shell out an extra couple dollars for their favorite brews.
According to preliminary data, hail damaged 60 hectares of barley in Ak-Terek, 40 ha of barley in Don-Talaa, 30 ha of wheat in Ala-Bash and 120 ha of barley in Chetindi.
New technologies may help food manufacturers more broadly utilize the many healthful benefits of oats and barley in a greater range of food products, according to a discussion held at the 2014 Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting & Food Expo in New Orleans, LA.
For centuries, barley has been used in beverages, soups, stews, breads, and other foods.