barley

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barley,

annual cereal plant (Hordeum vulgare and sometimes other species) of the family Gramineae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Gramineae, an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in great areas of low
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 family), cultivated by humans probably as early as any cereal. It was known to the ancient Greeks, Romans, Chinese, and Egyptians and was the chief bread material in Europe as late as the 16th cent. It has a wide range of cultivation and matures even at high altitudes, since its growing period is short; however, it cannot withstand hot and humid climates. Today barley is typically a special-purpose grain with many varieties rather than a general market crop. It is a valuable stock feed (often as a corn substitute) and is used for malting when the grain is of high quality. It is a minor source of flour and breakfast foods. Pearl barley is often used in soups. In the Middle East a limited amount of barley is eaten like rice. In the United States most spring barley comes from the western states and most winter barley is grown in the southeastern states for autumn and spring pasture and as a cover crop. Barley is subject to several diseases including smut and rust. Barley is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Gramineae.

barley

[′bär·lē]
(botany)
A plant of the genus Hordeum in the order Cyperales that is cultivated as a grain crop; the seed is used to manufacture malt beverages and as a cereal.

barley

1. any of various erect annual temperate grasses of the genus Hordeum, esp H. vulgare, that have short leaves and dense bristly flower spikes and are widely cultivated for grain and forage
2. the grain of any of these grasses, used in making beer and whisky and for soups, puddings, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's a cleaner, fresher traditional style, with more popular appeal, tasting of apricot, barley sugar and toffee.
Paul Denton made the Barley Sugar, or twisted chimney, during his work on a Brickwork Intermediate Construction Award City and Guilds/CITB course, which he studied two evenings a week at Warwickshire College's Moreton Morrell Centre.
02, most supermarkets Long, flexible twists shaped like barley sugar which were firm to bite.
It could appeal to female drinkers as it avoids the heavy smoky, peaty flavour often associated with whisky, and instead has accents of vanilla, marmalade and barley sugar.
Cephos powders, Carters Little Liver Pills, Barley Sugar Sticks, Swizzles, Sweet Whistles, Spud Guns (yes they really did fire potatoes)?
95 per 50 cl bottle) has flavours of barley sugar, butterscotch and apricot, with the sweet intensity counter-balanced with cutting lime juice.
50 (280m): Den''s Gift (2), Barley Sugar (2), Rum & Pep (2), Silver Side (1), Wee Anne (1), Bazooka (scr).
As I grew older I was allowed to run down the back entry to Tomlinson's Chemist - now the flower shop on the corner of Queensland Avenue and Allesley Old Road - to buy twisted barley sugar sticks.
Then to the most famous sweet shop of all --Higgotts -- with the giant horizontal walking stick-shaped stick of rock in the window and the wondrous smell of pear drops, barley sugar sticks, coconut chips, japdessert, gobstoppers, lime and soda, bullseyes, banana and custard, lovehearts, flying saucers, sweet tobacco, etc.
50 (280m): Huntlaw Kay (6), Barley Sugar (5), Diamond Poppy (4), Sapphire Dream (3), Analogue (3), Mud Cabin (1).
Treacle toffee, oh my jaws ache, Swizzles, sherbert and Pontefract cake, Barley sugar, bon bons and coconut ice, Wine gums, lollipops and soft sugared mice.
50 (280m): Barley Sugar (2), Gee Whiz (1), Flymo (1), Log Splitter (scr), Tayabz (scr), Our Kev (scr).