Similar waves -- called baroclinic
waves -- sometimes appear in Earth's atmosphere where cyclones are forming.
Following the experiences of operational numerical sea level forecasting, based on 2D shallow water equations, Germany's Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) implemented a three-dimensional (3D) baroclinic
forecast model BSHcmod at the beginning of 1990s .
Using a random displacement model to simulate turbulent particle motion in a baroclinic
frontal zone: A new implementation scheme and model performance tests.
The chapters address theories of baroclinic
adjustment and eddy equilibrium, thermal stratification of the extratropical troposphere, storm track dynamics, eddy-mediated interactions between low latitudes and the extratropics, quasi-equilibrium dynamics of the tropical atmosphere, simple models of ensemble-averaged tropical precipitation and surface wind, dynamical constraints on monsoon circulations, moist dynamics of tropical convection zones in monsoons and global warming, challenges in numerical modeling of tropical circulations, and challenges to the understand of general circulation and abrupt climate change.
boundary conditions of the Orlanski type are used at the open ports, where the velocities have been nudged toward observed values.
You earned the Sverdrup medal for your "theories of the general circulation and baroclinic
In order to mitigate the cost of ocean simulations, modelers often split the dynamics into a barotropic depth-integrated part (external mode), and a baroclinic
part (internal modes).
Thus it is suggested that the '582' contour represents a convenient cutoff between the more baroclinic
mid-latitude flow and the quasi-barotropic regime which characterizes subtropical flows.
It is thought that these rare, but potentially catastrophic storms, went through an extratropical transition and combined with continental baroclinic
systems to become much more deadly storms.
A fresh streamlined pedagogical approach to tropical meteorology, baroclinic
development, and quasi-geostrophic theory
Markowski will review how barotropic or regions of uniform temperatures, and baroclinic
, distinct air mass regions or fronts, are mechanisms for how downdrafts lead to the development of near-surface rotation.
The correct parameterization of subgrid-scale processes is a challenge in water bodies such as the Gulf of Finland that have very small baroclinic
Rossby radius (usually 2-4 km ) and that host extremely complicated internal structure of motions [8,9], in particular, a large component of local rotation in the fields of currents .