baroclinic wave

baroclinic wave

[¦bar·ə¦klin·ik ′wāv]
(meteorology)
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A recent study of the energy transfer from barotropic to baroclinic wave motion using a two-dimensional shallow water model suggests that about 30% of the energy needed below the halocline for deep water mixing is explained by the breaking of internal waves [31].
Similar waves -- called baroclinic waves -- sometimes appear in Earth's atmosphere where cyclones are forming.