Carr and Elsberry (1992) used a barotropic model
to obtain improvements in track forecasting by explicitly including the beta propagation.
Chen (1998) and Jiang (2000) derived the quasi-geostrophic potential vorticity equation with large-scale topography, friction, and heating under the barotropic model
, and the large-scale effects of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau on atmosphere were discussed.
Using an idealized nonlinear and nondivergent barotropic model
, the research team have shown that these S-shaped features are the manifestations of barotropic instability.
Makarov and Jimemez-Illescas (2003) found similar conditions in a barotropic model
for the Gulf of California when they eliminate several islands of the model.
Adjoints and singular vectors in a barotropic model
For example, the barotropic model
of a couple of paragraphs ago can be used to explain why the wind backs rather than veers, given suitable conditions; but it cannot explain why it backs rather than dying away.
Vanden-Eijnden, 2005: Low-order stochastic mode reduction for a realistic barotropic model
Weber, 2006: Operational performance of a new barotropic model
(WBAR) in the western North Pacific basin.
He developed techniques for creating the best possible product using the early introduction of limited computer guidance, even with the less than perfect first barotropic model
2] spectral components to investigate SDP with a barotropic model
(Pitcher 1974, 1977).
It was noted, in particular, that for realistic parameter values, eddy shedding occurred in baroclinic, but not barotropic models
It clarified the fact that the barotropic models
were not just advecting wave patterns but were able to modulate these waves in a nontrivial way (Persson 2005).