Barricade

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barricade

[′bar·ə‚kād]
(engineering)
Structure composed essentially of concrete, earth, metal, or wood, or any combination thereof, and so constructed as to reduce or confine the blast effect and fragmentation of an explosion.

Barricade

 

an artificial obstacle of logs, sandbags, rocks, trees, and other materials at hand piled up across streets, roads, near bridges, on mountain passes, and so on. Barricades were used in the 13th and 14th centuries in the defense of Moscow, Riazan’, Vladimir, and other cities from the Mongol-Tatar hordes, in 1611 during the defense of Moscow from Polish invaders, and in the 17th and 18th centuries during the peasant wars led by Stepan Razin and Emel’ian Pugachev. Barricades were widely used during uprisings of the proletariat in Paris in 1827, 1830,1832, and 1834; in Brussels in 1830; in Lyon in 1834; in Prague and Berlin in 1848; and in Dresden in 1849. During the Paris Commune of 1871 bitter battles were fought on the barricades.

During the 1905 Revolution and the Great October Socialist Revolution in Russia the people in revolt used barricades widely in the fight against the tsarist troops. They were built on many streets of Moscow. During the Civil War of 1918–20 and the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, barricades were built during the conduct of combat operations for certain cities.

M. G. ZHDANOV

barricade

An obstruction to deter the passage of persons or vehicles.
References in classic literature ?
Make haste while yet you may, and if we can barricade it until the sun rises we may yet escape.
Astounding evolutions they were, one rank firing over the heads of another rank, and then running away; and then the other rank firing over the heads of another rank, and running away in their turn; and then forming squares, with officers in the centre; and then descending the trench on one side with scaling- ladders, and ascending it on the other again by the same means; and knocking down barricades of baskets, and behaving in the most gallant manner possible.
This repulsive pillow was her especial property, being used as a weapon of defense, a barricade, or a stern preventive of too much slumber.
But Steelkilt and his desperadoes were too much for them all; they succeeded in gaining the forecastle deck, where, hastily slewing about three or four large casks in a line with the windlass, these sea-Parisians entrenched themselves behind the barricade.
Again and again Korak rushed against this human barricade bristling with spear points.
In an empty hut I feasted on some specked and half-decayed fruit; and then after I had propped some branches and sticks about the opening, and placed myself with my face towards it and my hand upon my revolver, the exhaustion of the last thirty hours claimed its own, and I fell into a light slumber, hoping that the flimsy barricade I had erected would cause sufficient noise in its removal to save me from surprise.
In a short time there was quite a barricade along the regimental fronts.
Four, however, escaped and disappeared into the forecastle, where they hoped to barricade themselves against further assault.
There were loose rocks strewn all about with which I might build a barricade across the entrance to the cave, and so I halted there and pointed out the place to Ajor, trying to make her understand that we would spend the night there.
At midnight, people again knocked at the gate of the jail, or rather at the barricade which served in its stead: it was Cornelius van Baerle whom they were bringing.
On this course nine obstacles had been arranged: the stream, a big and solid barrier five feet high, just before the pavilion, a dry ditch, a ditch full of water, a precipitous slope, an Irish barricade (one of the most difficult obstacles, consisting of a mound fenced with brushwood, beyond which was a ditch out of sight for the horses, so that the horse had to clear both obstacles or might be killed); then two more ditches filled with water, and one dry one; and the end of the race was just facing the pavilion.
I stood beside the sources of the Arveiron, which take their rise in a glacier, that with slow pace is advancing down from the summit of the hills to barricade the valley.