base pair


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to base pair: DNA, complementary base pairing

base pair

[′bās ‚per]
(cell and molecular biology)
Two nitrogenous bases, one purine and one pyrimidine, that pair in double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Other sets of base pairs were added or altered to enable researchers to tag DNA as synthetic or native, and to delete or move genes on synIII.
The study was performed with conventional library preparation and more than 90% of the base pairs generated were from 454 Sequencing," continued Dr.
Using these unique patterns, every person could be identified solely by the sequence of their base pairs.
To test the device, Mitchell inserted a telomerator cassette at 54 different locations on a circular synthetic yeast chromosome of about 90,000 base pairs and tested whether the chromosome could be segmented and straightened at each position.
Other team members snapped those DNA building blocks together to form "minichunks" 2,000 to 4,000 base pairs long.
What still baffles genome researchers is that genes make up only a tiny fraction of the DNA molecule--about 3 percent of the 3 billion base pairs in DNA.
Jarvis began his project with collaborators by trying to piece together the genome regions with what are known as next-generation sequencers, which read chunks of 100 to 400 DNA base pairs at a time and then take a few days to assemble them into a draft genome.
n] sequence is unique among expanding repeat sequences in that it has a very high content of A+T base pairs.
If the genetic codes spelled out in the base pairs don't match closely enough between two animals that may look like twins, scientists conclude they've found a new or distinct species.
Since its founding in 1999, Blue Heron has been the leader in creating new technologies and new approaches to synthesis in order to support the growing demands of researchers in synthetic biology, including delivering the longest commercial synthetic fragment - 52,000 base pairs - to date.
49 billion base pairs of DNA, the researchers estimate.
Together, the markers form a so-called CORE cassette within a region of DNA 3,200 base pairs long.