The final argument in equation (2) is the level of private expenditure on applied research and development (PARD), and again there are similar conflicting effects at work: the possibility of higher costs of R & D inputs against, on the other hand, the possibility that expenditure on applied research and development may generate knowledge spillovers or provide other infratechnology which raises the marginal returns from investment in basic research
The qualified organization base period amount is the sum of the "minimum basic research
amount" and the "maintenance-of-effort amount" [Secs.
It's not wise for the services to depend on other organizations to invest in basic research
, and then apply the outsiders' findings to new technologies, the report said.
In brief, the infusion of additional basic research
support could not be sustained.
At present, its program mangers oversee more than 350 basic research
Is it any wonder that investors have no interest in backing basic research
for the long term?
The group added: "Proper investments in basic research
are needed now, so that the fundamental scientific results will be available to create innovative solutions to future defense needs of this country.
41 credit (computed on Form 6765, Credit for Increasing Research Activities) is the sum of the qualified research credit and the basic research
The most important issue we have to address is basic research
," argued Rep.
This facility utilizes state-of-the-art instrumentation and data management tools to interrogate chemical libraries, enabling identification of compounds and reagents for use in basic research
, therapeutics, and diagnostics.
Grant recipients must show exceptional ability and promise for conducting basic research
The May 1997 issue of R&D Magazine included a special 32-page Basic Research
White Paper--Defining Our Path to the Future.