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art of weaving or coiling and sewing flexible materials to form vessels or other commodities. The materials used include twigs, roots, strips of hide, splints, osier willows, bamboo splits, cane or rattan, raffia, grasses, straw, and crepe paper. Discoveries in the W United States indicate that the use of clay-covered baskets for cooking probably led to making pottery, while in the Andaman Islands pottery was evidently made first. In Egypt baskets used for storing grain in 4000 or 5000 B.C. have been excavated. The tombs of Etruria have yielded ancient specimens, and these, as well as much later Roman baskets, display weaving strokes still in use. Basketry has been employed by primitive peoples for rude huts, which they daubed with clay, and for articles of dress and adornment, granaries, traps, boats, cooking utensils, water vessels, and other utilities. There are two types of baskets—woven and coiled or sewn—but variety is afforded by the many different strokes, forms, and methods of decoration. There are many large commercial basket-weaving establishments, but basketry is still a popular home industry and is taught in schools and as occupational therapy in hospitals.
References in periodicals archive ?
From black bamboo to reclaimed plastics, the works represent a broad range of approaches by artists working within the field of contemporary basketry.
Many descendants of slaves hold the distinction of being the only place where this particular type of basketry is handmade.
Masscraft" Globalization (22): Gone Rural and the Lavumisa 1 (Ntibane) Basketry, 1994-1999
Basketry is not a stable source of income anymore with the introduction of plastic ones and deficiency in straw, cane ad corn stalk, said Durdu Karaca.
In Native American basketry, the weaver knows that the design creates itself as it is woven and that basket making is less about the physical creation of the basket and more about the prayer that is given to Creator and the plant for its gift of life.
The section dealing with Central Sarawak begins with an essay on Iban baskets from Jean-Francois Blehaut, followed by a photo essay on Rejang basketry and one by Heidi Munan and Diana Rose on Melanau plaitwork.
It will feature printmaking, photography, painting, jewellery, ceramics, glass, basketry, textiles and sculpture.
The major attractions of the festival included bone work, lacquer art, Multani blue tiles, doll making, tie dye, block-printing, woodwork, traditional truck art, papier mache, carpet weaving, floor rugs, basketry, pottery and embroidery from Multan and DG.
Included in the more popular crafts are weaving, leatherwork, basketry, rug making, pewter modelling, fabric painting, soft-toy making, lacquer work, decorative dyeing, jewellery, lace making and wood carving.
Mr Wimbush said a spectrum of enterprises would range from strawberry production to basketry, smoked hams to woollen crafts.
95) features over a hundred masterpieces of furniture, silver, basketry and glass--and more--from the MFA holdings, sweeping through all time periods and production companies and spotlighting some key American works.