bass viol

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bass viol

(bās vī`əl), properly, the largest instrument of the violviol,
family of bowed stringed instruments, the most important ensemble instruments from the 15th to the 17th cent. The viol's early history is indefinite, but it is recognizable in depictions from as early as the 11th cent. During the second half of the 17th cent.
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 family. The term now refers most often to the double bassdouble bass,
bowed stringed musical instrument, the contrabass of the modern orchestral string section. It originated as a double-bass viol, an instrument described as early as 1566. A true double-bass violin appeared during the 18th cent.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The four sets of pieces divide roughly into three groups: the partitas for two viols and continuo that require intermediate skills; the sonatas for two viols and the partitas for solo bass viol with optional continuo that range from intermediate to advanced difficulty; and the four sonatas with continuo, by far the most advanced works in the set, that make extraordinary demands on the performer.
For the faster sections, Buxtehude uses variations on a ground bass, fugues, and occasional dance-forms such as the gigue and aria, generating variety with solo sections for the violin and bass viol in several of the sonatas.
Fantasia-Suites for Two Violins, Bass Viol, and Organ.
Suites for Two Treble Viols (or Violins), Bass Viol, and Organ.
One difference from the scoring of the earlier fantasia-suite is the use of the bass viols, which provide both bass and tenor parts.